Effectiveness of messenger RNA vaccines against infection with SARS-CoV-2 during the periods of Delta and Omicron variant predominance in Japan: the Vaccine Effectiveness, Networking, and Universal Safety (VENUS) study

Wataru Mimura, Chieko Ishiguro, Megumi Maeda, Fumiko Murata, Haruhisa Fukuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: We aimed to evaluate COVID-19 messenger RNA vaccine effectiveness during the Delta- and Omicron-predominant periods in Japan. Methods: We conducted a population-based cohort study among individuals aged 16–64 years during two periods: the Delta-predominant period (July 1–December 31, 2021) and the Omicron-predominant period (January 1–March 29, 2022). Results: When comparing individuals who were vaccinated with those who were unvaccinated, the effectiveness of a second dose against symptomatic infection was 89.8% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 80.5–94.7%) during the Delta-predominant period and 21.2% (95% CI: 11.0–30.3%) during the Omicron-predominant period. The effectiveness of a third dose against symptomatic infection was 71.8% (95% CI: 60.1–80.1%) during the Omicron-predominant period. Conclusion: Vaccine effectiveness against symptomatic infection decreased during the Omicron-predominant period but was maintained by a third dose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-60
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume125
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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