In order to clarify the roles of androgen and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) on gonadotropin (GTH; luteinizing hormone [LH] and follicle stimulating hormone [FSH]) synthesis, effects of castration and implantation of GnRH analog (GnRHa) or 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT) on expression of GTH subunit, α-glycoprotein subunit (αGSU), FSHβ, and LHβ genes, during the early spermatogenic stage in male red seabream Pagrus major were examined. Male red seabream underwent castration or sham-operation and were subsequently implanted with cholesterol pellets containing GnRHa, silicone capsules filled with 11-KT, or blank capsules (control). FSHβ mRNA levels increased due to castration, and it was reversed by treatment with 11-KT. 11-ketotestosterone treatment also decreased FSHβ mRNA levels in sham-operated fish. These results suggest that 11-KT acts on the pituitary to suppress FSH synthesis in male red seabream. On the other hand, neither castration nor replacement of 11-KT in castrated fish had effects on LHβ mRNA levels, whereas 11-KT treatment had slightly but significantly decreased LHβ mRNA in sham-operated fish. αGSU mRNA levels were not changed by castration or 11-KT treatment in both sham-operated and castrated fish. Meanwhile, treatment with GnRHa significantly decreased FSHβ mRNA levels in sham-operated fish, but not in castrated fish. This suggests that GnRHa may down-regulate expression of FSHβ mRNA through the production of 11-KT in testis. LHβ and αGSU mRNA levels in sham-operated fish, but not in castrated fish, were significantly elevated by treatment with GnRHa.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aquatic Science