Effects of 8-halo-7-deaza-2′-deoxyguanosine triphosphate on DNA synthesis by DNA polymerases and cell proliferation

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Abstract

8-OxodG (8-oxo-2′-deoxyguanosine) is representative of nucleoside damage and shows a genotoxicity. To significantly reveal the contributions of 7-NH and C8-oxygen to the mutagenic effect of 8-oxodG by DNA polymerases, we evaluated the effects of the 8-halo-7-deaza-dG (8-halogenated 7-deaza-2′-deoxyguanosine) derivatives by DNA polymerases. 8-Halo-7-deaza-dGTPs were poorly incorporated by both KF(exo) and human DNA polymerase β opposite dC or dA into the template DNA. Furthermore, it was found that KF(exo) was very sensitive to the introduction of the C8-halogen, while polymerase β can accommodate the C8-halogen resulting in an efficient dCTP insertion opposite the 8-halo-7-deaza-dG in the template DNA. These results indicate that strong hydrogen bonding between 7-NH in the 8-oxo-G nucleobase and 1-N in the adenine at the active site of the DNA polymerase is required for the mutagenic effects. Whereas, I-deaza-dGTP shows an antiproliferative effect for the HeLa cells, suggesting that it could become a candidate as a new antitumor agent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3856-3861
Number of pages6
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Volume24
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

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Epidemiologic Effect Modifiers
Cell proliferation
DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
Cell Proliferation
Halogens
DNA
Adenine
Hydrogen Bonding
HeLa Cells
Nucleosides
Antineoplastic Agents
Catalytic Domain
Hydrogen bonds
Oxygen
Derivatives
2'-deoxy-7-deazaguanosine triphosphate
8-oxo-7-hydrodeoxyguanosine
deoxyguanosine triphosphate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "8-OxodG (8-oxo-2′-deoxyguanosine) is representative of nucleoside damage and shows a genotoxicity. To significantly reveal the contributions of 7-NH and C8-oxygen to the mutagenic effect of 8-oxodG by DNA polymerases, we evaluated the effects of the 8-halo-7-deaza-dG (8-halogenated 7-deaza-2′-deoxyguanosine) derivatives by DNA polymerases. 8-Halo-7-deaza-dGTPs were poorly incorporated by both KF(exo−) and human DNA polymerase β opposite dC or dA into the template DNA. Furthermore, it was found that KF(exo−) was very sensitive to the introduction of the C8-halogen, while polymerase β can accommodate the C8-halogen resulting in an efficient dCTP insertion opposite the 8-halo-7-deaza-dG in the template DNA. These results indicate that strong hydrogen bonding between 7-NH in the 8-oxo-G nucleobase and 1-N in the adenine at the active site of the DNA polymerase is required for the mutagenic effects. Whereas, I-deaza-dGTP shows an antiproliferative effect for the HeLa cells, suggesting that it could become a candidate as a new antitumor agent.",
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AB - 8-OxodG (8-oxo-2′-deoxyguanosine) is representative of nucleoside damage and shows a genotoxicity. To significantly reveal the contributions of 7-NH and C8-oxygen to the mutagenic effect of 8-oxodG by DNA polymerases, we evaluated the effects of the 8-halo-7-deaza-dG (8-halogenated 7-deaza-2′-deoxyguanosine) derivatives by DNA polymerases. 8-Halo-7-deaza-dGTPs were poorly incorporated by both KF(exo−) and human DNA polymerase β opposite dC or dA into the template DNA. Furthermore, it was found that KF(exo−) was very sensitive to the introduction of the C8-halogen, while polymerase β can accommodate the C8-halogen resulting in an efficient dCTP insertion opposite the 8-halo-7-deaza-dG in the template DNA. These results indicate that strong hydrogen bonding between 7-NH in the 8-oxo-G nucleobase and 1-N in the adenine at the active site of the DNA polymerase is required for the mutagenic effects. Whereas, I-deaza-dGTP shows an antiproliferative effect for the HeLa cells, suggesting that it could become a candidate as a new antitumor agent.

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