Pyrimidine (6-4) pyrimidone photodimers are major photoproducts that have mutagenic and carcinogenic consequences. One major reason for these biological effects of (6-4) photoproducts may be base mispairing/DNA replication errors due to hydrogen bonding to bases opposite these damaged sites. We synthesized a modified 41-mer DNA containing a (6-4) photoproduct using a preformed building block, then employed it as a template for primer extension reactions catalyzed by Klenow fragment and DNA polymerases α, β and δ (pol α, pol β and pol δ). None of these DNA polymerases were able to bypass the (6-4) photoproduct and elongation terminated at or near the 3′-pyrimidone of the photoproduct, depending on the dNTP concentration. When a single-chain Fv (scFv) with high affinity for the (6-4) photoproduct was included in the polymerization reaction, DNA synthesis was inhibited at base positions four, six, eight or eight nucleotides prior to the 3′-pyrimidone by Klenow fragment, pol α, pol β or pol δ, respectively. These results suggest that the scFv can bind to the template DNA containing a (6-4) photoproduct and inhibit extension reactions by polymerases.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Photochemistry and Photobiology|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry