Effects of acidic calcium phosphate concentration on mechanical strength of porous calcite fabricated by bridging with dicalcium phosphate dihydrate

Noriko Koga, Kunio Ishikawa, Kanji Tsuru, Ichiro Takahashi

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Abstract

Porous calcium carbonate (CaCO3) has attracted attention as an artificial bone substitute. We previously reported that interconnected porous calcite block can be fabricated when calcite granules are exposed to acidic calcium phosphate (ACaP) under loading conditions. Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) formed on the surface of the calcite granules caused bridging of the calcite granules with one another and formed an interconnected porous calcite block with DCPD. In this study, the effect of the ACaP concentration on the mechanical strength of the interconnected porous calcite was studied under loading conditions. When the ACaP concentration was increased, the amount of DCPD increased and the compressive strength of the porous calcite increased to approximately 2 MPa. The interconnected porous structure was maintained regardless of the ACaP concentration. No statistically significant difference was observed for the porosity, which was approximately 50%, based on the concentration of ACaP. Therefore, we concluded that the amount of precipitated DCPD can be regulated by the concentration of ACaP solution, and the mechanical strength of the porous calcite can be regulated by the amount of the precipitated DCPD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7912-7917
Number of pages6
JournalCeramics International
Volume42
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 15 2016

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Calcium Carbonate
Calcite
Calcium phosphate
Strength of materials
Phosphates
calcium phosphate
dibasic calcium phosphate dihydrate
Bone Substitutes
Calcium carbonate
Compressive strength
Bone
Porosity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Porous calcium carbonate (CaCO3) has attracted attention as an artificial bone substitute. We previously reported that interconnected porous calcite block can be fabricated when calcite granules are exposed to acidic calcium phosphate (ACaP) under loading conditions. Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) formed on the surface of the calcite granules caused bridging of the calcite granules with one another and formed an interconnected porous calcite block with DCPD. In this study, the effect of the ACaP concentration on the mechanical strength of the interconnected porous calcite was studied under loading conditions. When the ACaP concentration was increased, the amount of DCPD increased and the compressive strength of the porous calcite increased to approximately 2 MPa. The interconnected porous structure was maintained regardless of the ACaP concentration. No statistically significant difference was observed for the porosity, which was approximately 50{\%}, based on the concentration of ACaP. Therefore, we concluded that the amount of precipitated DCPD can be regulated by the concentration of ACaP solution, and the mechanical strength of the porous calcite can be regulated by the amount of the precipitated DCPD.",
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T1 - Effects of acidic calcium phosphate concentration on mechanical strength of porous calcite fabricated by bridging with dicalcium phosphate dihydrate

AU - Koga, Noriko

AU - Ishikawa, Kunio

AU - Tsuru, Kanji

AU - Takahashi, Ichiro

PY - 2016/5/15

Y1 - 2016/5/15

N2 - Porous calcium carbonate (CaCO3) has attracted attention as an artificial bone substitute. We previously reported that interconnected porous calcite block can be fabricated when calcite granules are exposed to acidic calcium phosphate (ACaP) under loading conditions. Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) formed on the surface of the calcite granules caused bridging of the calcite granules with one another and formed an interconnected porous calcite block with DCPD. In this study, the effect of the ACaP concentration on the mechanical strength of the interconnected porous calcite was studied under loading conditions. When the ACaP concentration was increased, the amount of DCPD increased and the compressive strength of the porous calcite increased to approximately 2 MPa. The interconnected porous structure was maintained regardless of the ACaP concentration. No statistically significant difference was observed for the porosity, which was approximately 50%, based on the concentration of ACaP. Therefore, we concluded that the amount of precipitated DCPD can be regulated by the concentration of ACaP solution, and the mechanical strength of the porous calcite can be regulated by the amount of the precipitated DCPD.

AB - Porous calcium carbonate (CaCO3) has attracted attention as an artificial bone substitute. We previously reported that interconnected porous calcite block can be fabricated when calcite granules are exposed to acidic calcium phosphate (ACaP) under loading conditions. Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) formed on the surface of the calcite granules caused bridging of the calcite granules with one another and formed an interconnected porous calcite block with DCPD. In this study, the effect of the ACaP concentration on the mechanical strength of the interconnected porous calcite was studied under loading conditions. When the ACaP concentration was increased, the amount of DCPD increased and the compressive strength of the porous calcite increased to approximately 2 MPa. The interconnected porous structure was maintained regardless of the ACaP concentration. No statistically significant difference was observed for the porosity, which was approximately 50%, based on the concentration of ACaP. Therefore, we concluded that the amount of precipitated DCPD can be regulated by the concentration of ACaP solution, and the mechanical strength of the porous calcite can be regulated by the amount of the precipitated DCPD.

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