[Ca2+](i) and whole-cell membrane current were measured in microvascular endothelial cells from bovine brain. The effects of histamine on [Ca2+](i) were examined, and the acute effect of changing extracellular glucose concentration on Ca2+ homeostasis was investigated. Application of 10 μmol/l histamine evoked an initially transient and then sustained increase in [Ca2+](i) in normal Krebs solution, but only the transient component in Ca2+-free solution, thereby indicating that histamine mobilizes Ca2+ both from intracellular store sites and extracellular space. The effects of histamine on [Ca2+](i) were inhibited by the H2 antagonists, ranitidine and cimetidine, but not by the H1 antagonist, pyrilamine. Incubation of the cells for 2 h in solutions containing low (1.1 and 2.3 mmol/l) or high (23 mmol/l) concentrations of glucose did not influence the resting level of [Ca2+](i). Treatment with low concentrations of glucose did not impair histamine-induced Ca2+ mobilization. On the other hand, when histamine was applied to the cells pretreated with 23 mmol/l glucose, it failed to mobilize Ca2+ from both intracellular store sites and extracellular space. The effect of histamine was mimicked by dibutyryl cyclic AMP, but glucose overload failed to inhibit this, suggesting that glucose overload inhibits H2 receptor-mediated cyclic AMP production. Glucose overload-induced impairment of histamine action was reversed by pretreatment with staurosporine and calphostin C and mimicked by phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate, thereby suggesting the involvement of protein kinase C in the high glucose- induced inhibition of Ca2+ mobilization. Whole-cell membrane current measurement showed that there was no difference in the membrane currents between control and high glucose-treated cells. These results indicate that in bovine brain microvascular endothelial cells, histamine induces Ca2+ release from intracellular store sites and subsequent entry from the extracellular space through the activation of H2 receptors. Glucose overload acutely inhibits histamine-induced Ca2+ mobilization by the activation of protein kinase C.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism