Background/aims: The cell surface protein antigen (PAg) and glucosyltransferases (GTFs) produced by Streptococcus sobrinus are considered to be major colonization factors of the organism. Methods: We constructed a fusion gene encoding a protein composed of the alanine-rich region of PAg (PAgA) and the glucan-binding domain (GB) of GTF-I, which catalyzes the synthesis of water-insoluble glucan in S. sobrinus. The fusion protein PAgA-GB was purified from cell extracts of Escherichia coli harboring the fusion gene, and antibodies against the fusion protein were prepared in rabbits. Results: In the presence of sucrose, the antibody against PAgA-GB significantly inhibited the adhesion of both S. sobrinus MT8145 and Streptococcus mutans Xc to saliva-coated hydroxyapatite beads, and the inhibitory effect on S. sobrinus was stronger than that on S. mutans. In the absence of sucrose, the antibody against PAgA-GB significantly inhibited the adhesion of both S. sobrinus and S. mutans, however the inhibitory effect on S. sobrinus was unexpectedly weaker than that on S. mutans. A similar result was observed with the antibody against the intact recombinant PAg protein (rPAg), while the same antibody reacted more strongly against S. sobrinus than against S. mutans cells. Conclusion: Taken together, these results show that the antibody against S. sobrinus GTF-I may be useful for effective inhibition of the sucrose-dependent adhesion of S. sobrinus. However, PAg of S. sobrinus may not function primarily as a receptor for acquired pellicles, and other cell surface proteins may be involved in the sucrose-independent adhesion of S. sobrinus.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)