Effects of buccal corridors on smile esthetics in Japanese and Korean orthodontists and orthodontic patients

Hideki Ioi, Sangwook Kang, Takahiro Shimomura, Seong Sik Kim, Soo Byung Park, Woo Sung Son, Ichiro Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the size of buccal corridors on the assessment of attractive smile esthetics by Japanese and Korean orthodontists and orthodontic patients. Methods: Buccal corridors were modified digitally from 0% to 25% compared with the inner intercommissural width. Using a visual analog scale, 41 Japanese and 25 Korean orthodontists, and 96 Japanese and 72 Korean orthodontic patients (15-29 years old) rated the attractiveness of 6 smiles with altered buccal corridors. The influence of the size of the buccal corridor on smile esthetics was assessed. Results: Although there was no significant sex difference in judging the effects of buccal corridors for the Korean and Japanese orthodontists, significant sex differences were shown for the Japanese orthodontic patients. There were significant differences in the 6 levels of median esthetic scores for all groups: 0%, 5%, and 10% buccal corridors in the smiles tended to be preferred to the other smiles, to become clinically significant for all groups. The median esthetic score decreased to become clinically significant from 10% to 15% buccal corridors for all groups. Conclusions: Japanese and Korean orthodontists and orthodontic patients prefer narrow or medium buccal corridors to broad buccal corridors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-465
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume142
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthodontics

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