Effects of charcoal carbon crystallinity and ash content on carbon dissolution in molten iron and carburization reaction in iron-charcoal composite

Ko-Ichiro Ohno, Alexander Babich, Junki Mitsue, Takayuki Maeda, Dieter Senk, Heinrich Wilhelm Gudenau, Masakata Shimizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Charcoal use instead of fossil fuel is one of the possible technologies for mitigation of CO2 emission in the steel industry because charcoal can be considered as "carbon-neutral" material. In this study, the possibility of utilization of charcoal as carbon source for carburization reaction was examined; more specifically effects of carbon crystalinity and ash in charcoal on carbon dissolution into molten iron and iron carburization reaction in iron-charcoal composite were investigated. Two kinds of experiments were carried out. One is measurement of charcoal carbon dissolution rate in iron bath. Another is observation of isothermal reaction between iron and charcoal in a composite sample. Several kinds of charcoal with relatively low ash content were applied as experimental samples. Charcoal samples were treated with several heating patterns to control their carbon crystallinity. Additionally, charcoal samples were treated with acid solutions, HCl and HF, to control the ash content in them. From these investigations, following results were revealed. Charcoal heat-treated at low temperature, 1 273 K, has advantage for carbon dissolution reaction into iron bath. Charcoal ash strongly prevents the carburization reaction between iron and carbon in the composite sample.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1482-1488
Number of pages7
JournalISIJ International
Volume52
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 30 2012

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Ashes
Charcoal
Coal ash
Molten materials
Dissolution
Carbon
Iron
Composite materials

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Effects of charcoal carbon crystallinity and ash content on carbon dissolution in molten iron and carburization reaction in iron-charcoal composite. / Ohno, Ko-Ichiro; Babich, Alexander; Mitsue, Junki; Maeda, Takayuki; Senk, Dieter; Gudenau, Heinrich Wilhelm; Shimizu, Masakata.

In: ISIJ International, Vol. 52, No. 8, 30.08.2012, p. 1482-1488.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ohno, Ko-Ichiro ; Babich, Alexander ; Mitsue, Junki ; Maeda, Takayuki ; Senk, Dieter ; Gudenau, Heinrich Wilhelm ; Shimizu, Masakata. / Effects of charcoal carbon crystallinity and ash content on carbon dissolution in molten iron and carburization reaction in iron-charcoal composite. In: ISIJ International. 2012 ; Vol. 52, No. 8. pp. 1482-1488.
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AU - Senk, Dieter

AU - Gudenau, Heinrich Wilhelm

AU - Shimizu, Masakata

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