Effects of concurrent exposure to tributyltin and 1,1-dichloro-2,2 bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethylene (p,p′-DDE) on immature male Wistar rats

Yuji Makita, Minoru Omura, Akiyo Tanaka, Chikako Kiyohara

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tributyltin and 1, 1-dichloro-2, 2 bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethylene (p,p′-DDE) have been ubiquitously distributed over the world. In Japan, p,p′-DDE and tributyltin are ingested through marine products, in which these substances are accumulated through bio-concentration and the food chain. However, the consequence of potential combined hazards of these substances remains unknown. Therefore, the effects of concurrent exposure to 125 ppm p,p′-DDE and 25 ppm tributyltin were investigated in immature male Wistar rats by oral administration during puberty. In this study, tributyltin promoted the growth of pubertal male rats, while p,p′-DDE itself did not affect the growth but inhibited the growth enhancement by tributyltin. Furthermore, tributyltin reduced thymus weight but p,p′-DDE also prevented this weight reduction. Neither development of male sexual accessory organs nor sexual maturation was affected even by concurrent exposure to p,p′-DDE and tributyltin. No significant changes of serum testosterone, luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone concentrations, and epididymal sperm numbers were observed with the administration of p,p′-DDE and/or tributyltin. These results indicate that sexual maturation, male reproductive organ development and sperm production is scarcely affected in immature male Wistar rats even by concurrent exposure to p,p′-DDE and tributyltin at a daily dose of ca. 2 mg/kg tributyltin and 10 mg/kg p,p′-DDE. Moreover, the simultaneous administration of p,p′-DDE with tributyltin counterbalanced the effects that were attributed to tributyltin alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-368
Number of pages5
JournalBasic and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology
Volume97
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2005

Fingerprint

Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene
Wistar Rats
Rats
Sexual Maturation
tributyltin
Growth
Thymus
Sexual Development
Sperm Count
Food Chain
Accessories
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Puberty
Luteinizing Hormone
Thymus Gland
Oral Administration
Testosterone
Spermatozoa
Weight Loss
Hazards

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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title = "Effects of concurrent exposure to tributyltin and 1,1-dichloro-2,2 bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethylene (p,p′-DDE) on immature male Wistar rats",
abstract = "Tributyltin and 1, 1-dichloro-2, 2 bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethylene (p,p′-DDE) have been ubiquitously distributed over the world. In Japan, p,p′-DDE and tributyltin are ingested through marine products, in which these substances are accumulated through bio-concentration and the food chain. However, the consequence of potential combined hazards of these substances remains unknown. Therefore, the effects of concurrent exposure to 125 ppm p,p′-DDE and 25 ppm tributyltin were investigated in immature male Wistar rats by oral administration during puberty. In this study, tributyltin promoted the growth of pubertal male rats, while p,p′-DDE itself did not affect the growth but inhibited the growth enhancement by tributyltin. Furthermore, tributyltin reduced thymus weight but p,p′-DDE also prevented this weight reduction. Neither development of male sexual accessory organs nor sexual maturation was affected even by concurrent exposure to p,p′-DDE and tributyltin. No significant changes of serum testosterone, luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone concentrations, and epididymal sperm numbers were observed with the administration of p,p′-DDE and/or tributyltin. These results indicate that sexual maturation, male reproductive organ development and sperm production is scarcely affected in immature male Wistar rats even by concurrent exposure to p,p′-DDE and tributyltin at a daily dose of ca. 2 mg/kg tributyltin and 10 mg/kg p,p′-DDE. Moreover, the simultaneous administration of p,p′-DDE with tributyltin counterbalanced the effects that were attributed to tributyltin alone.",
author = "Yuji Makita and Minoru Omura and Akiyo Tanaka and Chikako Kiyohara",
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T1 - Effects of concurrent exposure to tributyltin and 1,1-dichloro-2,2 bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethylene (p,p′-DDE) on immature male Wistar rats

AU - Makita, Yuji

AU - Omura, Minoru

AU - Tanaka, Akiyo

AU - Kiyohara, Chikako

PY - 2005/12/1

Y1 - 2005/12/1

N2 - Tributyltin and 1, 1-dichloro-2, 2 bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethylene (p,p′-DDE) have been ubiquitously distributed over the world. In Japan, p,p′-DDE and tributyltin are ingested through marine products, in which these substances are accumulated through bio-concentration and the food chain. However, the consequence of potential combined hazards of these substances remains unknown. Therefore, the effects of concurrent exposure to 125 ppm p,p′-DDE and 25 ppm tributyltin were investigated in immature male Wistar rats by oral administration during puberty. In this study, tributyltin promoted the growth of pubertal male rats, while p,p′-DDE itself did not affect the growth but inhibited the growth enhancement by tributyltin. Furthermore, tributyltin reduced thymus weight but p,p′-DDE also prevented this weight reduction. Neither development of male sexual accessory organs nor sexual maturation was affected even by concurrent exposure to p,p′-DDE and tributyltin. No significant changes of serum testosterone, luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone concentrations, and epididymal sperm numbers were observed with the administration of p,p′-DDE and/or tributyltin. These results indicate that sexual maturation, male reproductive organ development and sperm production is scarcely affected in immature male Wistar rats even by concurrent exposure to p,p′-DDE and tributyltin at a daily dose of ca. 2 mg/kg tributyltin and 10 mg/kg p,p′-DDE. Moreover, the simultaneous administration of p,p′-DDE with tributyltin counterbalanced the effects that were attributed to tributyltin alone.

AB - Tributyltin and 1, 1-dichloro-2, 2 bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethylene (p,p′-DDE) have been ubiquitously distributed over the world. In Japan, p,p′-DDE and tributyltin are ingested through marine products, in which these substances are accumulated through bio-concentration and the food chain. However, the consequence of potential combined hazards of these substances remains unknown. Therefore, the effects of concurrent exposure to 125 ppm p,p′-DDE and 25 ppm tributyltin were investigated in immature male Wistar rats by oral administration during puberty. In this study, tributyltin promoted the growth of pubertal male rats, while p,p′-DDE itself did not affect the growth but inhibited the growth enhancement by tributyltin. Furthermore, tributyltin reduced thymus weight but p,p′-DDE also prevented this weight reduction. Neither development of male sexual accessory organs nor sexual maturation was affected even by concurrent exposure to p,p′-DDE and tributyltin. No significant changes of serum testosterone, luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone concentrations, and epididymal sperm numbers were observed with the administration of p,p′-DDE and/or tributyltin. These results indicate that sexual maturation, male reproductive organ development and sperm production is scarcely affected in immature male Wistar rats even by concurrent exposure to p,p′-DDE and tributyltin at a daily dose of ca. 2 mg/kg tributyltin and 10 mg/kg p,p′-DDE. Moreover, the simultaneous administration of p,p′-DDE with tributyltin counterbalanced the effects that were attributed to tributyltin alone.

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