Effects of different divalent cation hydrothermal treatments of titanium implant surfaces for epithelial tissue sealing

Xudiyang Zhou, Ikiru Atsuta, Yasunori Ayukawa, Ikue Narimatsu, Tianren Zhou, Jiangqi Hu, Kiyoshi Koyano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The improvement of peri-implant epithelium (PIE) adhesion to titanium (Ti) may promote Ti dental implant stability. This study aims to investigate whether there is a positive effect of Ti hydrothermally treated (HT) with calcium chloride (CaCl2), zinc chloride (ZnCl2), and strontium chloride (SrCl2) on promoting PIE sealing. We analyzed the response of a rat oral epithelial cell (OEC) culture and performed an in vivo study in which the maxillary right first molars of rats were extracted and replaced with calcium (Ca)-HT, zinc (Zn)-HT, strontium (Sr)-HT, or non-treated control (Cont) implants. The OEC adhesion on Ca-HT and Zn-HT Ti plates had a higher expression of adhesion proteins than cells on the Cont and Sr-HT Ti plates. Additionally, the implant PIE of the Ca-HT and Zn-HT groups revealed better expression of immunoreactive laminin-332 (Ln-322) at 2 weeks after implantation. The Ca-HT and Zn-HT groups also showed better attachment at the implant-PIE interface, which inhibited horseradish peroxidase penetration. These results demonstrated that the divalent cations of Ca (Ca2+) and Zn (Zn2+)-HT improve the integration of epithelium around the implant, which may facilitate the creation of a soft barrier around the implant to protect it from foreign body penetration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2038
JournalMaterials
Volume13
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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