Effects of electrolysis conditions on the formation of electrodeposited invar Fe-Ni alloys with low thermal expansion

Keisuke Fukuda, Yuki Kashiwa, Satoshi Oue, Tomio Takasu, Hiroaki Nakano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Synopsis: To elucidate the effects of electrolysis conditions on the formation of electrodeposited invar Fe-Ni alloys with low thermal expansion, Fe-Ni electrodeposition was performed at 10-5000 A·m -2 and 5×10 5 C·m -2 in agitated solution containing NiSO 4 , NiCl 2 , H 3 BO 3 , FeSO 4 , C 7 H 4 NNaO 3 S and C 3 H 4 O 4 at 40-60°C. Ni content in deposits significantly decreased in the low current density region with increasing current density, reached a minimum, and then increased due to reaching at diffusion limiting current density for Fe deposition as the current density increased further. With increasing the concentration of FeSO 4 in solution, Ni content in deposits decreased at lower current density region, reached a constant at lower current density, and then began to increase at higher current density. As a result, the current density range where Ni content in deposits was minimum and constant became wider with higher concentration of FeSO 4 . With decreasing pH in solution, since the partial polarization curve for H 2 evolution and total polarization curve sifted to higher current density region, Ni content in deposits-current density curve shifted to higher current density region. With stirring the solution, Ni content in deposits reached a minimum as the current density increased, and then began to increase at higher current density than without stirring due to increase in diffusion limiting current density for Fe deposition. The change of the composition in deposits by electrolysis condition can be explained by the changes of the total polarization curve for Fe-Ni alloy deposition and the partial polarization curves for Fe and Ni depositions and H 2 evolution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-63
Number of pages9
JournalTetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Volume105
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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electrolysis
Electrolysis
Thermal expansion
thermal expansion
Current density
current density
Deposits
deposits
high current
low currents
Polarization
curves
polarization
stirring
Electrodeposition
electrodeposition

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Effects of electrolysis conditions on the formation of electrodeposited invar Fe-Ni alloys with low thermal expansion. / Fukuda, Keisuke; Kashiwa, Yuki; Oue, Satoshi; Takasu, Tomio; Nakano, Hiroaki.

In: Tetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan, Vol. 105, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 55-63.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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