We studied effects of heat treatment on the magnetic transition and the magnetocaloric effects (MCEs) of Mn 1-δAs 1-xSb x with x = 0.1 and 0.25. It is found that sintering at an appropriate temperature gives a sharp magnetic transition and hence giant MCEs for Mn 1+δAs 1-xSb x. In the bulk samples slowly cooled from a liquid state, free Sb was precipitated, which gives rise to compositional deviation. Quenching from a liquid state suppresses the precipitation of Sb. Subsequent annealing is effective to improve homogeneity, as a result, the sample undergoes a sharp magnetic transition. The optimum conditions of heat treatments of the present system for a sharp magnetic transition are discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering