Effects of high heat flux hydrogen and helium mixture beam irradiation on surface modification and hydrogen retention in tungsten materials

Kazutoshi Tokunaga, T. Fujiwara, K. Ezato, S. Suzuki, M. Akiba, H. Kurishita, S. Nagata, B. Tsuchiya, A. Tonegawa, N. Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High heat flux experiments using a hydrogen-helium mixture beam have been carried out on powder metallurgy tungsten (PM-W) and ultra fine grain W-TiC alloy (W-0.5 wt%TiC-H 2 ). The energy of is 18 keV. Beam flux and heat flux at the beam center is 2.0 × 10 21 atoms/m 2 s and 7.0 MW/m 2 , respectively. Typical ratio of He/D ion is 0.25. Beam duration is 1.5-3 s and interval of beam shot start is 30 s. The samples are irradiated up to a fluence of 10 22 -10 24 He/m 2 by the repeated irradiation pulses. After the irradiation, surface modification by the irradiation and hydrogen retention, surface composition have been investigated. Surface modification by hydrogen-helium mixture beams is completely different from results of single beam irradiation. In particular, mixture beam irradiation causes remarkably high hydrogen retention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)916-920
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume390-391
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)

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