Previously, we reported that the inhibition of Rho-kinase by a microinjection of Y-27632 or the transfection of dominant-negative Rho-kinase into cells of the nucleus tractus solitani (NTS) reduces blood pressure, heart rate, and sympathetic nerve activity. In the present study, we examined the effects of another Rho-kinase inhibitor, hydroxyfasudil, on blood pressure and heart rate in anesthetized rats. The results were compared between normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The microinjection of hydroxyfasudil was performed unilaterally or bilaterally into the NTS of WKY rats and SHR. A unilateral microinjection of hydroxyfasudil elicited depressor and bradycardic responses in SHR but not in WKY rats. A bilateral microinjection of hydroxyfasudil elicited depressor and bradycardic responses in both SHR and WKY rats. However, the magnitude of the decrease in these variables was greater in SHR than in WKY rats. The expression levels of RhoA in the membrane fraction and phosphorylated ERM family (ezrin, radixin, and moesin) in the NTS were greater in SHR than in WKY rats. These results suggest that the microinjection of hydroxyfasudil into the NTS causes cardiovascular responses similar to those caused by Y-27632 and that these responses are probably mediated by the inhibition of Rho-kinase.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine