Effects of intertrochanteric osteotomy plane and preoperative femoral anteversion on the postoperative morphology of the proximal femur in transtrochanteric anterior rotational osteotomy: 3D CT-based simulation study

K. Sonoda, G. Motomura, S. Ikemura, Y. Kubo, T. Yamamoto, Y. Nakashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Transtrochanteric anterior rotational osteotomy (ARO) is joint-preserving surgery for patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). During ARO, femoral neck-shaft varus angulation by changing intertrochanteric osteotomy plane is often designed to obtain a sufficient postoperative intact ratio. However, the effect of intertrochanteric osteotomy plane on postoperative femoral anteversion has not been well examined. Therefore, we performed a simulation study of ARO to determine how intertrochanteric osteotomy plane and preoperative femoral anteversion affect both femoral neck-shaft varus angle and postoperative femoral anteversion. Hypothesis Both femoral neck-shaft varus angle and postoperative femoral anteversion are predicted by intertrochanteric osteotomy plane and preoperative femoral anteversion in ARO. Materials and methods Using CT-data obtained from 10 hips in 10 patients with ONFH, ARO was simulated. On anteroposterior view, basic intertrochanteric osteotomy line (AP-view line) was defined as the perpendicular line to the femoral neck axis. On lateral view, basic intertrochanteric osteotomy line (lateral-view line) made through the cut surface of greater trochanter was defined as the perpendicular line to the lateral axis of the femur. By changing either AP-view or lateral-view line, 49 ARO models/hip were produced, in which femoral neck-shaft varus angle and postoperative femoral anteversion were assessed. Results With increase in the vertically-inclined degree of AP-view line, both neck-shaft varus angle and postoperative femoral anteversion increased. With increase in the posteriorly-tilted degree of lateral-view line, neck-shaft varus angle increased, whereas postoperative femoral anteversion decreased. The approximation equations based on the multiple regression analyses were as follows: neck-shaft varus angle ≈ vertically-inclined degree of AP-view line × 0.9 + posteriorly-tilted degree of lateral-view line × 0.8 + preoperative femoral anteversion × 0.7; postoperative femoral anteversion ≈ vertically-inclined degree of AP-view line × 1.1 − posteriorly-tilted degree of lateral-view line × 0.8. Discussion The postoperative morphology of proximal femur was nearly defined by intertrochanteric osteotomy plane with preoperative femoral anteversion, which is useful for preoperative planning in terms of both achieving a sufficient postoperative intact ratio and maintaining femoral anteversion. Level of evidence Level IV case series without control group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1005-1010
Number of pages6
JournalOrthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research
Volume103
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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