Effects of intramolecular donor-acceptor interactions on bimolecular recombination in small-molecule organic photovoltaic cells

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Abstract

To enhance the device performance of bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells, recombination processes must be suppressed. Here, we prepared OPV cells using donor materials composed of different electron-rich donor and electron-deficient acceptor units and the acceptor material 6,6-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester. The effects of the polarization of the donor materials which was induced by the intramolecular donor-acceptor (D-A) interactions on the bimolecular recombination constant of each device were studied using a time-of-flight method. A large D-A interaction decreased the bimolecular recombination constant, increasing the fill factor of the device. An active layer with a large dielectric constant led to a small Coulomb capture radius between the radical cations and anions. Overall, a larger D-A interaction enhanced the device performance of small-molecule OPV cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4986-4991
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume117
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 14 2013

Fingerprint

Photovoltaic cells
photovoltaic cells
donor materials
Molecules
molecules
Butyric acid
Electrons
acceptor materials
interactions
Anions
Heterojunctions
butyric acid
Cations
Esters
Permittivity
Negative ions
Positive ions
Polarization
heterojunctions
esters

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "To enhance the device performance of bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells, recombination processes must be suppressed. Here, we prepared OPV cells using donor materials composed of different electron-rich donor and electron-deficient acceptor units and the acceptor material 6,6-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester. The effects of the polarization of the donor materials which was induced by the intramolecular donor-acceptor (D-A) interactions on the bimolecular recombination constant of each device were studied using a time-of-flight method. A large D-A interaction decreased the bimolecular recombination constant, increasing the fill factor of the device. An active layer with a large dielectric constant led to a small Coulomb capture radius between the radical cations and anions. Overall, a larger D-A interaction enhanced the device performance of small-molecule OPV cells.",
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AU - Hirade, Masaya

AU - Yasuda, Takuma

AU - Adachi, Chihaya

PY - 2013/3/14

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N2 - To enhance the device performance of bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells, recombination processes must be suppressed. Here, we prepared OPV cells using donor materials composed of different electron-rich donor and electron-deficient acceptor units and the acceptor material 6,6-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester. The effects of the polarization of the donor materials which was induced by the intramolecular donor-acceptor (D-A) interactions on the bimolecular recombination constant of each device were studied using a time-of-flight method. A large D-A interaction decreased the bimolecular recombination constant, increasing the fill factor of the device. An active layer with a large dielectric constant led to a small Coulomb capture radius between the radical cations and anions. Overall, a larger D-A interaction enhanced the device performance of small-molecule OPV cells.

AB - To enhance the device performance of bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells, recombination processes must be suppressed. Here, we prepared OPV cells using donor materials composed of different electron-rich donor and electron-deficient acceptor units and the acceptor material 6,6-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester. The effects of the polarization of the donor materials which was induced by the intramolecular donor-acceptor (D-A) interactions on the bimolecular recombination constant of each device were studied using a time-of-flight method. A large D-A interaction decreased the bimolecular recombination constant, increasing the fill factor of the device. An active layer with a large dielectric constant led to a small Coulomb capture radius between the radical cations and anions. Overall, a larger D-A interaction enhanced the device performance of small-molecule OPV cells.

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