Effects of Local Premixing on Direct-Injection Stratified-Charge Combustion in a Constant Volume Bomb

Hiroyuki Kido, Kenshiro Nakashima, Toshiaki Kitagawa, Masaaki Nishino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The direct-injection stratified-charge engine is considered to be a promising alternative to conventional spark-ignition engines. It has the favourable features of high thermal efficiency, low carbon monoxide and nitric oxide emission levels as well as multifuel capability. It has, however the unfavourable feature of a high unbumed hydrocarbon emission level, especially during light-l'oad operations In order to conquer this problem, the locally near-premixed direct-injection stratified-charge combustion system was examined in this study, using a pancake type constant volume bomb. A mixing promoting projection was attached to the inner circumference of the bomb to make locally near-premixed mixture. Experimental analyses were made on combustion pressure histories and on stratification processes. Some improvements on the maximum combustion pressure, combustion duration and unbumed hydrocarbon emission level were obtained by this new system compared to the basic direct-injection stratified-charge combustion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2703-2709
Number of pages7
JournalTransactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers Series B
Volume54
Issue number505
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1988
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

premixing
Direct injection
injection
engines
Stratified charge engines
hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons
spark ignition
thermodynamic efficiency
circumferences
Nitric oxide
nitric oxide
stratification
Internal combustion engines
Carbon monoxide
carbon monoxide
projection
histories
oxides

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Effects of Local Premixing on Direct-Injection Stratified-Charge Combustion in a Constant Volume Bomb. / Kido, Hiroyuki; Nakashima, Kenshiro; Kitagawa, Toshiaki; Nishino, Masaaki.

In: Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers Series B, Vol. 54, No. 505, 01.01.1988, p. 2703-2709.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{7935e44547dc485599f0630a4451590a,
title = "Effects of Local Premixing on Direct-Injection Stratified-Charge Combustion in a Constant Volume Bomb",
abstract = "The direct-injection stratified-charge engine is considered to be a promising alternative to conventional spark-ignition engines. It has the favourable features of high thermal efficiency, low carbon monoxide and nitric oxide emission levels as well as multifuel capability. It has, however the unfavourable feature of a high unbumed hydrocarbon emission level, especially during light-l'oad operations In order to conquer this problem, the locally near-premixed direct-injection stratified-charge combustion system was examined in this study, using a pancake type constant volume bomb. A mixing promoting projection was attached to the inner circumference of the bomb to make locally near-premixed mixture. Experimental analyses were made on combustion pressure histories and on stratification processes. Some improvements on the maximum combustion pressure, combustion duration and unbumed hydrocarbon emission level were obtained by this new system compared to the basic direct-injection stratified-charge combustion.",
author = "Hiroyuki Kido and Kenshiro Nakashima and Toshiaki Kitagawa and Masaaki Nishino",
year = "1988",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1299/kikaib.54.2703",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
pages = "2703--2709",
journal = "Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B",
issn = "0387-5016",
publisher = "The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers",
number = "505",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of Local Premixing on Direct-Injection Stratified-Charge Combustion in a Constant Volume Bomb

AU - Kido, Hiroyuki

AU - Nakashima, Kenshiro

AU - Kitagawa, Toshiaki

AU - Nishino, Masaaki

PY - 1988/1/1

Y1 - 1988/1/1

N2 - The direct-injection stratified-charge engine is considered to be a promising alternative to conventional spark-ignition engines. It has the favourable features of high thermal efficiency, low carbon monoxide and nitric oxide emission levels as well as multifuel capability. It has, however the unfavourable feature of a high unbumed hydrocarbon emission level, especially during light-l'oad operations In order to conquer this problem, the locally near-premixed direct-injection stratified-charge combustion system was examined in this study, using a pancake type constant volume bomb. A mixing promoting projection was attached to the inner circumference of the bomb to make locally near-premixed mixture. Experimental analyses were made on combustion pressure histories and on stratification processes. Some improvements on the maximum combustion pressure, combustion duration and unbumed hydrocarbon emission level were obtained by this new system compared to the basic direct-injection stratified-charge combustion.

AB - The direct-injection stratified-charge engine is considered to be a promising alternative to conventional spark-ignition engines. It has the favourable features of high thermal efficiency, low carbon monoxide and nitric oxide emission levels as well as multifuel capability. It has, however the unfavourable feature of a high unbumed hydrocarbon emission level, especially during light-l'oad operations In order to conquer this problem, the locally near-premixed direct-injection stratified-charge combustion system was examined in this study, using a pancake type constant volume bomb. A mixing promoting projection was attached to the inner circumference of the bomb to make locally near-premixed mixture. Experimental analyses were made on combustion pressure histories and on stratification processes. Some improvements on the maximum combustion pressure, combustion duration and unbumed hydrocarbon emission level were obtained by this new system compared to the basic direct-injection stratified-charge combustion.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024069687&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0024069687&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1299/kikaib.54.2703

DO - 10.1299/kikaib.54.2703

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0024069687

VL - 54

SP - 2703

EP - 2709

JO - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B

JF - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B

SN - 0387-5016

IS - 505

ER -