Effects of marine ciliates on survivability of the first-feeding larval surgeonfish, Paracanthurus hepatus: Laboratory rearing experiments

Naoki Nagano, Yukio Iwatsuki, Takashi Kamiyama, Hideaki Nakata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The contribution of ciliates as a food source to survival of first-feeding surgeonfish larvae, Paracanthurus hepatus, was examined in rearing experiments. The larvae were exposed to eight treatments; i.e. a tintinnid, Amphorellopsis acuta (1.0 × 104, 5.1 × 103 and 2.2 × 103 cells 1-1) and a naked ciliate, Euplotes sp. (1.3 × 104, 8.0 × 103 and 5.0 × 103 cells 1-1), plus two controls without ciliates. Highest survival of the larvae over the first 4-8 days was observed in the highest density of A. acuta. Rearing experiments also showed that the survivals of larvae fed with A. acuta were higher than those fed with Euplotes sp. Gut content analyses revealed loricae of A. acuta in the larvae. Although Euplotes sp. (lacking loricae) was never recognized in those larval guts, feeding on Euplotes sp. by larvae was confirmed using the ciliate labeled with fluorescent microspheres, implying that the feeding on naked ciliates by fish larvae has been overlooked. The results strongly suggested that both tintinnid and naked ciliates play important roles as alternative food sources to copepod nauplii by enhancing the survivability of fish larvae, especially those with a smaller mouth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-157
Number of pages9
JournalHydrobiologia
Volume432
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aquatic Science

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