Composite oxides have been attracting great interest recently as alternative materials for SOFC anodes with the potential to overcome the serious deterioration in performance associated with the traditional Ni-based cermet; in particular, oxide based anodes show enhanced carbon coke and re-oxidation tolerance compared to present Ni-based cermets. In this study, the anodic performance of a (Ce,Mn,Fe)O2/(La,Sr)(Fe,Mn)O3 composite oxide with additions of catalytically active RuO2 nano particle was studied. Fairly high maximum power densities of 0.3 Wcm-2 (in H 2) and 1.5 Wcm-2 (in C3H8) at 800 °C were achieved for anodes with 10 wt% RuO2 addition. The cells showed stable power density, and negligible carbon formation, even after operation for more than 50 h at 1Acm-2. The improved power density was explained by decreased anodic overpotential and IR losses because of the improved electrical conductivity contributed by the RuO2 particles.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes