Effects of metal oxides on the synthesis of Si3N4 whiskers from diatomaceous earth

Yukako Mizuhara, Hiroshi Ono, Masao Noguchi, Tatsumi Ishihara, Yusaku Takita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

To determine the effects of metal oxides on the whisker shapes and production yield as well as the role of these oxides in the starting material in trace quantities, diatomaceous earth and high-purity SiO2 were subjected to reduction and nitridation in a flowing mixture of nitrogen and ammonia. The results showed that the growth of outside whiskers was brought about by the vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) mechanism and that Fe is necessary for the growth of the outside whiskers. It was also assumed that manganese and iron oxides present in the diatomaceous earth were reduced to metallic Mn and Fe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)588-594
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan. International ed.
Volume102
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1994
Externally publishedYes

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Earth (planet)
Oxides
Nitridation
Manganese oxide
Metals
Iron oxides
Ammonia
Vapors
Nitrogen
Liquids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Effects of metal oxides on the synthesis of Si3N4 whiskers from diatomaceous earth. / Mizuhara, Yukako; Ono, Hiroshi; Noguchi, Masao; Ishihara, Tatsumi; Takita, Yusaku.

In: Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan. International ed., Vol. 102, No. 6, 06.1994, p. 588-594.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mizuhara, Yukako ; Ono, Hiroshi ; Noguchi, Masao ; Ishihara, Tatsumi ; Takita, Yusaku. / Effects of metal oxides on the synthesis of Si3N4 whiskers from diatomaceous earth. In: Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan. International ed. 1994 ; Vol. 102, No. 6. pp. 588-594.
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