Effects of microscopic surface roughness on rolling/sliding frictional characteristics of tire tread rubber - Characteristics of friction at low slip ratios

Masatoshi Kuwajima, Toshihiko Okano, Joichi Sugimura, Yuji Yamamoto

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes experimental and theoretical studies on frictional characteristics of tires at low slip velocities and low slip ratios, which are important in ABS braking. Rolling/sliding friction of tire tread rubber against abrasive papers, which are assumed to represent microscopic surface roughness of pavement surfaces, is measured at low slip velocities. The experimental results show that rolling/sliding frictional characteristics depend on the surface roughness, particularly on asperity peak density of the abrasive papers. Contact area between rubber and the rough surfaces of the abrasive papers was analyzed under vertical load and tangential force by the two dimensional explicit finite element analysis. The results of FEM show that both the sum of length of real contact area and partial slip are larger with finer surfaces under the same vertical load and tangential force. It is concluded that rolling/sliding friction at low slip ratio is affected by ploughing and hysteresis rather than by adhesion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-253
Number of pages8
JournalToraibarojisuto/Journal of Japanese Society of Tribologists
Volume50
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 30 2005

Fingerprint

treads
tires
rubber
Abrasives
Tires
sliding
surface roughness
slip
friction
Surface roughness
Friction
abrasives
sliding friction
Finite element method
Rubber
Braking
Pavements
Hysteresis
plowing
Adhesion

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper describes experimental and theoretical studies on frictional characteristics of tires at low slip velocities and low slip ratios, which are important in ABS braking. Rolling/sliding friction of tire tread rubber against abrasive papers, which are assumed to represent microscopic surface roughness of pavement surfaces, is measured at low slip velocities. The experimental results show that rolling/sliding frictional characteristics depend on the surface roughness, particularly on asperity peak density of the abrasive papers. Contact area between rubber and the rough surfaces of the abrasive papers was analyzed under vertical load and tangential force by the two dimensional explicit finite element analysis. The results of FEM show that both the sum of length of real contact area and partial slip are larger with finer surfaces under the same vertical load and tangential force. It is concluded that rolling/sliding friction at low slip ratio is affected by ploughing and hysteresis rather than by adhesion.",
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AU - Kuwajima, Masatoshi

AU - Okano, Toshihiko

AU - Sugimura, Joichi

AU - Yamamoto, Yuji

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N2 - This paper describes experimental and theoretical studies on frictional characteristics of tires at low slip velocities and low slip ratios, which are important in ABS braking. Rolling/sliding friction of tire tread rubber against abrasive papers, which are assumed to represent microscopic surface roughness of pavement surfaces, is measured at low slip velocities. The experimental results show that rolling/sliding frictional characteristics depend on the surface roughness, particularly on asperity peak density of the abrasive papers. Contact area between rubber and the rough surfaces of the abrasive papers was analyzed under vertical load and tangential force by the two dimensional explicit finite element analysis. The results of FEM show that both the sum of length of real contact area and partial slip are larger with finer surfaces under the same vertical load and tangential force. It is concluded that rolling/sliding friction at low slip ratio is affected by ploughing and hysteresis rather than by adhesion.

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