Effects of pinacidil on contractile proteins in high K+‐treated intact, and in β‐escin‐treated skinned smooth muscle of the rabbit mesenteric artery

Takeo Itoh, Satoshi Suzuki, Hirosi Kuriyama

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Abstract

The effects of pinacidil were investigated on changes in cellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and tension in intact and chemically skinned smooth muscle strips of the rabbit mesenteric artery. High K+ (128 mm) produced a large phasic followed by a tonic increase in [Ca2+]i and tension in intact muscle strips. Pinacidil at 10 μm but not 1 μm, inhibited the phasic and tonic contractions induced by 128 mm K+ without a corresponding change in [Ca2+]i. In β‐escin‐treated skinned smooth muscle, the minimum Ca2+ concentration that produced contraction was 0.1 μm and the maximum contraction was obtained at 10 μm. Pinacidil at 10 μm but not 1 μm, shifted the pCa‐tension relation curve to the right and also inhibited the maximum contraction induced by Ca2+. The concentrations of Ca2+ required for half maximal tension were 0.9 μm in control and 1.5 μm in the presence of 10 μm pinacidil. Calmodulin (2 μm) increased the contraction induced by 0.3 μm Ca2+ (but not by 10 μm Ca2+) in the skinned strips. Pinacidil (10 μm) inhibited the contraction induced by 0.3 μm or 10 μm Ca2+ in the presence of 2 μm calmodulin. Noradrenaline (NA, 10 μm) with guanosine triphosphate (GTP, 3 μm), guanosine 5′‐0‐(3‐thiotriphosphate) (GTPγS, 3 μm) or 12–0‐tetradecanoylphorbol‐13‐acetate (TPA, 0.1 μm) all enhanced the contraction induced by 0.3 μm Ca2+. Pinacidil (10 μm) inhibited the contraction induced by 0.3 μm Ca2+ more strongly in the presence of the above agents than in their absence. Following application of 2 mm adenosine‐5′‐0‐(3‐thiotriphosphate) (ATPγS) with 0.3 μm Ca2+, 4 mm MgATP produced contraction in skinned strips in Ca2+‐free solution containing 4 mm EGTA (‘Ca2+‐independent contraction’). The amplitude of the Ca2+‐independent contraction was almost the same as that obtained with 10 μm Ca2+. Pinacidil (10 μm) had no effect on the amplitude of the Ca2+‐independent contraction nor did it have any effect on the contraction induced by a solution containing no MgATP (‘rigor contraction’). It is concluded that pinacidil (10 μm) acts directly on the contractile apparatus to inhibit Ca2+‐induced contraction in smooth muscle of the rabbit mesenteric artery. The site of action of pinacidil may be between Ca2+‐calmodulin complex formation and phosphorylation of the myosin light chain. 1991 British Pharmacological Society

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1697-1702
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume103
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

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