Intramolecular hydrogen bonding in isotactic poly(methacrylamide)s, i.e., poly[(S)-1-phenylethyl methacrylamide] (1) and isotactic poly[(S)-1-(1-naphthyl)ethyl methacrylamide] (2), was examined by IR, 1H NMR, and CD in non-hydrogen bonding and hydrogen bonding solvents and in mixtures thereof. Isotactic 1 was found to form intramolecular hydrogen bonds more extensively than isotactic 2; the former even forms a stable hydrogen-bonded structure in a hydrogen bonding solvent, i.e., dioxane, suggesting that the phenyl groups as well as the methyl groups in the side chains provide adequate steric effects for stabilization of the hydrogen-bonded structure. Formation, in solution, of helical structures of one prevailing handedness with specific chromophore orientation is suggested. The hydrogen-bonded structures were found to break down on addition of a helix-breaking solvent, trifluoroacetic acid.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry