Effects of sodium pyruvate in nonserum maturation medium on maturation, fertilization, and subsequent development of bovine oocytes with or without cumulus cells

M. Geshi, N. Takenouchi, Nobuhiko Yamauchi, T. Nagai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study was conducted to determine the effects of cumulus cells and sodium pyruvate during in vitro maturation of bovine oocytes on maturation, fertilization, and subsequent development. Cumulus-enclosed oocytes (CEOs) and cumulus-denuded oocytes (CDOs) were cultured for 24 h in polyvinylpyrrolidone-Hepes-tissue culture medium 199 with or without sodium pyruvate. Oocytes were fertilized in vitro and then cultured in CR1aa for 10 days. Before in vitro fertilization, the glutathione (GSH) content of some oocytes was measured. Maturation and normal fertilization rates of CDOs cultured with sodium pyruvate and CEOs were higher than that of CDOs cultured without sodium pyruvate. The CEOs showed significantly higher rates of development to the blastocyst stage than CDOs. The GSH contents of oocytes significantly decreased in CDOs after maturation culture, but the GSH contents of oocytes in CEOs remained at the same level as oocytes before culture. These results indicate that sodium pyruvate promotes nuclear maturation of bovine CDOs and that a continuing presence of cumulus cells during maturation is important for subsequent development of zygotes to the blastocyst stage. However, blastocysts produced from CDOs in the presence of sodium pyruvate showed a developmental competence to be normal calves, but it is not known if CDOs cultured without sodium pyruvate also were capable of developing into calves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1730-1734
Number of pages5
JournalBiology of Reproduction
Volume63
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

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Cumulus Cells
Pyruvic Acid
Fertilization
Oocytes
Sodium
Blastocyst
In Vitro Oocyte Maturation Techniques
Povidone
Zygote

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Effects of sodium pyruvate in nonserum maturation medium on maturation, fertilization, and subsequent development of bovine oocytes with or without cumulus cells. / Geshi, M.; Takenouchi, N.; Yamauchi, Nobuhiko; Nagai, T.

In: Biology of Reproduction, Vol. 63, No. 6, 01.01.2000, p. 1730-1734.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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