Effects of soil erosion and seabird activities on chemical properties of surface soils on an oceanic island in Ogasawara Islands, Japan

Syuntaro Hiradate, Sayaka Morita, Kenji Hata, Takeshi Osawa, Kyoko Sugai, Naoki Kachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To conserve indigenous natural ecosystem and help in the recovery of natural vegetation on Nakoudojima Island, which is a subtropical oceanic island in Ogasawara Islands in Japan, we clarified the mechanisms of the changes in soil chemical properties as affected by soil erosion and seabird activities on the island. Under grassland vegetation where influence of feral goat (exotic species) had been severe, the chemical properties of surface soils with a thickness of 5cm were variable even in a small area of 0.375 km2; pH(H2O) value range between 4.6 and 6.9, total C content range between 0.36 and 5.62%, total N content range between 0.03 and 0.45%, exchangeable acidity range between 0.5 and 50mmolckg-1, and plant-available phosphate (Bray II P) range between 0.4 and 170 mg P2O5 100 g-1. By clarifying soil profile characteristics under natural and disturbed vegetation and distribution patterns of these soils on the island, the changes in the soil chemical properties were reasonably assigned to the effect of soil erosion caused by feral goats for increased soil exchangeable acidity and decreased soil pH (mainly found in inland area) and to the effect of seabird activities for increased Bray II P and soil exchangeable acidity and decreased soil pH (mainly found in outer rim area with high altitude). It was also clarified that the high soil exchangeable acidity was significantly related to the low productivity of plant biomass for these plots (P<0.01). Soil erosion would have removed surface soils having weak acidity and exposed subsoils having strong acidity to the ground surface, resulting in inhibition of plant growth and delay of vegetation recovery. Based on the findings obtained in the present study, several options were proposed to stop soil erosion and to recover the vegetation, although careful preliminary examination would be necessary for applying them.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)495-502
Number of pages8
JournalCatena
Volume133
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 30 2015

Fingerprint

seabird
soil erosion
chemical property
soil surface
acidity
soil
vegetation
goat
effect
subsoil
soil profile
grassland
phosphate
productivity
ecosystem
biomass

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Effects of soil erosion and seabird activities on chemical properties of surface soils on an oceanic island in Ogasawara Islands, Japan. / Hiradate, Syuntaro; Morita, Sayaka; Hata, Kenji; Osawa, Takeshi; Sugai, Kyoko; Kachi, Naoki.

In: Catena, Vol. 133, 30.07.2015, p. 495-502.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hiradate, Syuntaro ; Morita, Sayaka ; Hata, Kenji ; Osawa, Takeshi ; Sugai, Kyoko ; Kachi, Naoki. / Effects of soil erosion and seabird activities on chemical properties of surface soils on an oceanic island in Ogasawara Islands, Japan. In: Catena. 2015 ; Vol. 133. pp. 495-502.
@article{9e41b933676543b5af9ad66770dedc0b,
title = "Effects of soil erosion and seabird activities on chemical properties of surface soils on an oceanic island in Ogasawara Islands, Japan",
abstract = "To conserve indigenous natural ecosystem and help in the recovery of natural vegetation on Nakoudojima Island, which is a subtropical oceanic island in Ogasawara Islands in Japan, we clarified the mechanisms of the changes in soil chemical properties as affected by soil erosion and seabird activities on the island. Under grassland vegetation where influence of feral goat (exotic species) had been severe, the chemical properties of surface soils with a thickness of 5cm were variable even in a small area of 0.375 km2; pH(H2O) value range between 4.6 and 6.9, total C content range between 0.36 and 5.62{\%}, total N content range between 0.03 and 0.45{\%}, exchangeable acidity range between 0.5 and 50mmolckg-1, and plant-available phosphate (Bray II P) range between 0.4 and 170 mg P2O5 100 g-1. By clarifying soil profile characteristics under natural and disturbed vegetation and distribution patterns of these soils on the island, the changes in the soil chemical properties were reasonably assigned to the effect of soil erosion caused by feral goats for increased soil exchangeable acidity and decreased soil pH (mainly found in inland area) and to the effect of seabird activities for increased Bray II P and soil exchangeable acidity and decreased soil pH (mainly found in outer rim area with high altitude). It was also clarified that the high soil exchangeable acidity was significantly related to the low productivity of plant biomass for these plots (P<0.01). Soil erosion would have removed surface soils having weak acidity and exposed subsoils having strong acidity to the ground surface, resulting in inhibition of plant growth and delay of vegetation recovery. Based on the findings obtained in the present study, several options were proposed to stop soil erosion and to recover the vegetation, although careful preliminary examination would be necessary for applying them.",
author = "Syuntaro Hiradate and Sayaka Morita and Kenji Hata and Takeshi Osawa and Kyoko Sugai and Naoki Kachi",
year = "2015",
month = "7",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.catena.2015.04.013",
language = "English",
volume = "133",
pages = "495--502",
journal = "Catena",
issn = "0341-8162",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of soil erosion and seabird activities on chemical properties of surface soils on an oceanic island in Ogasawara Islands, Japan

AU - Hiradate, Syuntaro

AU - Morita, Sayaka

AU - Hata, Kenji

AU - Osawa, Takeshi

AU - Sugai, Kyoko

AU - Kachi, Naoki

PY - 2015/7/30

Y1 - 2015/7/30

N2 - To conserve indigenous natural ecosystem and help in the recovery of natural vegetation on Nakoudojima Island, which is a subtropical oceanic island in Ogasawara Islands in Japan, we clarified the mechanisms of the changes in soil chemical properties as affected by soil erosion and seabird activities on the island. Under grassland vegetation where influence of feral goat (exotic species) had been severe, the chemical properties of surface soils with a thickness of 5cm were variable even in a small area of 0.375 km2; pH(H2O) value range between 4.6 and 6.9, total C content range between 0.36 and 5.62%, total N content range between 0.03 and 0.45%, exchangeable acidity range between 0.5 and 50mmolckg-1, and plant-available phosphate (Bray II P) range between 0.4 and 170 mg P2O5 100 g-1. By clarifying soil profile characteristics under natural and disturbed vegetation and distribution patterns of these soils on the island, the changes in the soil chemical properties were reasonably assigned to the effect of soil erosion caused by feral goats for increased soil exchangeable acidity and decreased soil pH (mainly found in inland area) and to the effect of seabird activities for increased Bray II P and soil exchangeable acidity and decreased soil pH (mainly found in outer rim area with high altitude). It was also clarified that the high soil exchangeable acidity was significantly related to the low productivity of plant biomass for these plots (P<0.01). Soil erosion would have removed surface soils having weak acidity and exposed subsoils having strong acidity to the ground surface, resulting in inhibition of plant growth and delay of vegetation recovery. Based on the findings obtained in the present study, several options were proposed to stop soil erosion and to recover the vegetation, although careful preliminary examination would be necessary for applying them.

AB - To conserve indigenous natural ecosystem and help in the recovery of natural vegetation on Nakoudojima Island, which is a subtropical oceanic island in Ogasawara Islands in Japan, we clarified the mechanisms of the changes in soil chemical properties as affected by soil erosion and seabird activities on the island. Under grassland vegetation where influence of feral goat (exotic species) had been severe, the chemical properties of surface soils with a thickness of 5cm were variable even in a small area of 0.375 km2; pH(H2O) value range between 4.6 and 6.9, total C content range between 0.36 and 5.62%, total N content range between 0.03 and 0.45%, exchangeable acidity range between 0.5 and 50mmolckg-1, and plant-available phosphate (Bray II P) range between 0.4 and 170 mg P2O5 100 g-1. By clarifying soil profile characteristics under natural and disturbed vegetation and distribution patterns of these soils on the island, the changes in the soil chemical properties were reasonably assigned to the effect of soil erosion caused by feral goats for increased soil exchangeable acidity and decreased soil pH (mainly found in inland area) and to the effect of seabird activities for increased Bray II P and soil exchangeable acidity and decreased soil pH (mainly found in outer rim area with high altitude). It was also clarified that the high soil exchangeable acidity was significantly related to the low productivity of plant biomass for these plots (P<0.01). Soil erosion would have removed surface soils having weak acidity and exposed subsoils having strong acidity to the ground surface, resulting in inhibition of plant growth and delay of vegetation recovery. Based on the findings obtained in the present study, several options were proposed to stop soil erosion and to recover the vegetation, although careful preliminary examination would be necessary for applying them.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84938210018&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84938210018&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.catena.2015.04.013

DO - 10.1016/j.catena.2015.04.013

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84938210018

VL - 133

SP - 495

EP - 502

JO - Catena

JF - Catena

SN - 0341-8162

ER -