Effects of solar flares and coronal mass ejections on Earth's horizontal magnetic field and solar wind parameters during the minimum solar cycle 24

S. N.A. Syed Zafar, R. Umar, N. H. Sabri, M. H. Jusoh, A. N. Dagang, A. Yoshikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous studies have reported that coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and solar flares lead to the development of huge storms and high-speed streams. Our aim in this paper is to investigate the response of the geomagnetic index SYM/H to the solar wind parameters, such as solar wind speed V, dynamic pressure P, input energy IE and the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) Bz component, associated with solar flares and CME events. The response of the ground geomagnetic field (H-component) to the solar wind parameters and the IMF Bz component at three low-latitude stations has also been analysed. Our findings show that the delay of the solar wind changes in the Earth's magnetosphere in response to the weak geomagnetic storm (SYM/H = -30 nT) at the beginning of 2014 December 21. A weak storm of SYM/H = -30 nT in the middle of 2014 November 5 is suggested by a low magnetic reconnection process in the magnetosphere. In addition, the strong southward IMF Bz component and high solar wind changes in the magnetosphere system, which were a result of the X2.0 solar flare event and the CMEs on 2014 October 27, responded to the moderate storm (SYM/H = -60 nT) at the beginning of 2014 October 28. This dynamic physical process in the magnetosphere caused by solar wind variation is seen to excite the Earth's H-component through ultra low frequency at the ground-based magnetometers at the BCL (Vietnam), TIR (India) and SCN (Indonesia) stations during the geomagnetic storm. This study relates to seismic investigations and geomagnetic-induced current on the ground.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3812-3822
Number of pages11
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume504
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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