Effects of the addition of a cover mold on resin flow and the quality of the finished product in vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding

Dingding Chen, Kazuo Arakawa, Masakazu Uchino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


For vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding (VARTM), we propose adding a cover mold, inserted between the distribution medium and the peel ply, to achieve a higher fiber volume fraction in the final product. As the conventional VARTM process does not use a cover mold, improved processes using different rigid covers were explored. A three-dimensional digital image correlation system was developed to monitor the thickness evolution of the vacuum package during the infusion stage. This system was validated as a full-field displacement test. The results demonstrate that there are three advantages to using a cover mold. First, in the filling stage, a rigid cover mold can prevent shrinkage of the part at the resin flow front, and even cause slight expansion of the unsaturated part. This improves the resin flow and shortens the time required for complete infusion. Second, a cover mold can limit the amount of excess resin needed to infuse the saturated part. Third, in the postfilling stage, the cover mold can be used to accelerate extrusion of the excess resin in the package. The overall effect is to increase the fiber volume fraction in the final product.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1435-1442
Number of pages8
JournalPolymer Composites
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2016


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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