1. Systemic administration of PCP (7.5 mg/kg, i.p.) produced a greater increase in extracellular DA levels in the mPFC than in the STR and NAC, as determined by in vivo microdialysis of awake, freely moving rats. Preferential activation by PCP of prefrontal DA neurons may be, at least in part, the basis for the pathophysiology of PCP-induced psychosis as well as schizophrenia. 2. Recent studies suggest a possible involvement of 5-HT(2A) receptors in the pathophysiology and treatment of schizophrenia. This study was designed to examine whether and how 5-HT(2A) receptors modulate PCP-induced DA release in the mPFC. 3. The 5-HT(2A/2C) receptor agonist (±)-DOI (2.5 mg/kg, but not 0.75 mg/kg, i.p.), administered 60 min prior to PCP, significantly attenuated the PCP-induced increase in extracellular DA levels. Pretreatment of the 5-HT(2A/2C) receptor antagonist ritanserin (1.0 and 5.0 mg/kg, i.p.), administered 60 min prior to PCP, did not influence the PCP-induced increase. When administered alone, neither DOI (2.5 mg/kg) nor ritanserin (1.0 mg/kg) affected basal extracellular DA levels in the mPFC. 4. The NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801 (1.0 mg/kg, i.p.) also increased extracellular DA levels in the mPFC, but this effect was unaffected by pretreatment with DOI (2.5 mg/kg). 5. These results suggest that the stimulation of 5-HT(2A/2C) receptors may inhibit DA release in the mPFC when it is facilitated by PCP. Other than the NMDA receptor-mediated mechanism may also be involved in the neurochemical interaction between 5-HT(2A) receptors and PCP in the mPFC.
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biological Psychiatry