Effects of Toroidally Distributed Divertor Biasing on Scrape-Off-Layer Plasma in the QUEST Spherical Tokamak*

Kazuo TOI, Takumi ONCHI, Kengo KURODA, Shinichiro KOJIMA, Hideki ZUSHI, Makoto HASEGAWA, Masaharu FUKUYAMA, Shoji KAWASAKI, Aki HIGASHIJIMA, Tatsuya IKEZOE, Hiroshi IDEI, Takeshi IDO, Kazuaki HANADA

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A novel divertor biasing using four biasing plates that are arranged toroidally every 90. on the upper divertor plate is applied to low-density plasmas of the QUEST spherical tokamak. When some of these plates are biased in-phase by applying a sawtooth waveform voltage of 85-V amplitude and 50-Hz repetition, up to approximately 35% reduction of the particle flux to the divertor is observed during positive biasing. The input power for the flux reduction is approximately 0.2 kW for low-density tokamak plasmas produced by ¡-130-kW electron cyclotron wave injection. Additionally, the signal of a plate probe placed in the low-field side of the mid-plane of the vacuum vessel indicates enhanced losses of fast electrons during positive biasing. The enhanced loss is attributed to small resonant magnetic perturbations produced by the bias-driven currents in the scrape-off layer. This novel divertor biasing is expected to provide a new experimental tool for studying divertor heat load control and fast electron confinement in a tokamak device.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2402024
JournalPlasma and Fusion Research
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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