Efficacy and safety of regorafenib or TAS-102 in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer refractory to standard therapies

Toshinori Sueda, Daisuke Sakai, Toshihiro Kudo, Takashi Sugiura, Hidekazu Takahashi, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Junichi Nishimura, Taishi Hata, Taro Hayashi, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori, Taroh Satoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Regorafenib and TAS-102 are novel antitumor agents for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) whose disease has progressed after standard therapies. In randomized trials, regorafenib and TAS-102 prolonged survival in patients with mCRC. However, the appropriate selection of regorafenib or TAS-102 in treatment strategy has not yet been established. Patients and Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis, between March 2013 and July 2015, on the efficacy and safety of regorafenib or TAS-102. Results: Thirty-seven patients with mCRC treated with regorafenib or TAS-102 were included. Of these 37 patients, 23 first received regorafenib and 14 received TAS-102. The median progression-free survival and overall survival were 3.0 and 5.8 months, respectively, in the regorafenib group and 2.1 and 6.3 months, respectively, in the TAS-102 group. Drug-related adverse events (AEs) and grade 3 AEs were 23 (100%) and 10 (43.5%), respectively, in the regorafenib group and 13 (92.9%) and 2 (14.3%), respectively, in the TAS-102 group. The most frequent grade 3 AEs were hepatotoxicity (17.4%) and hand-foot syndrome (13.0%) in the regorafenib group, and neutropenia (14.3%) in the TAS-102 group. In subgroup analysis, the median overall survival was 11.5 months in patients receiving crossover treatment with regorafenib to TAS-102, and 7.6 months in those receiving crossover treatment with TAS-102 to regorafenib. Conclusion: Our results showed that regorafenib and TAS-102 have comparable efficacy but different toxicity profiles in patients with mCRC. Both are considered new salvage treatment options. Differences in the toxicity profiles between the two treatments will help in choosing regorafenib or TAS-102.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4299-4306
Number of pages8
JournalAnticancer research
Volume36
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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