Efficacy and safety of single versus dual antiplatelet therapy for coiling of unruptured aneurysms

Yusuke Nishikawa, Tetsu Satow, Toshinori Takagi, Kenichi Murao, Susumu Miyamoto, Koji Iihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although the efficacy of antiplatelet therapy for coiling of unruptured cerebral aneurysms has been reported, regimens for this therapy are not yet well established. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze correlations among the modes of antiplatelet use, aneurysmal configuration, coiling methods, and complications to elucidate the optimal antiplatelet therapy for coiling. Methods: The study population comprised 154 patients with unruptured aneurysms who underwent coiling with antiplatelet therapy at our institution between 2001 and 2009. The patients were categorized by mode of antiplatelet therapy (single [n = 64] or dual [n = 90]), neck size (wide [n = 80] or narrow [n = 74]), and technique used (simple [n = 42] or adjunctive [n = 112]). The incidences of hemorrhagic/ischemic complications and abnormalities on postprocedural diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) in each group were statistically assessed. Results: Hemorrhagic complications occurred in 1 case (1.5%) with single antiplatelet therapy and in 2 cases (2.2%) with dual antiplatelet therapy. Symptomatic ischemic complications occurred in 5 cases (7.8%) with single therapy and in 4 cases (4.4%) with dual therapy. Abnormalities were detected by DWI in 27 cases (42%) with single therapy and in 31 cases (34%) with dual therapy. No significant difference was found between modes of antiplatelet therapy even when the technique used was taken into account. In cases of wide neck, however, there were significant differences in the rate of symptomatic ischemic complications (single, 21.7%; dual, 3.5%; P =.014) and DWI abnormalities (single, 37.8%; dual, 20.9%; P =.048). Conclusion: Our data suggest that dual antiplatelet therapy may better prevent ischemic complications from coiling for wide-necked aneurysms compared with single antiplatelet therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)650-655
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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