Background and Aim: Thrombocytopenia (TCP) of chronic hepatitis C patients with cirrhosis has a negative impact on the management of interferon-based treatment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of telaprevir-based triple therapy for patients who have undergone splenectomy (Spx). Methods: This prospective, multicenter study consisted of 80 patients, including 32 Spx and 48 non-Spx/TCP (platelet count: 60-99×109/L) patients with advanced fibrosis infected with hepatitis C virus genotype 1b. All received 12 weeks of telaprevir in combination with 24 weeks of pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) α2b and ribavirin. Results: The sustained virological response (SVR) rate of the Spx group (75.0%) was significantly higher than that of the non-Spx/TCP group (52.1%) (P<0.05). Under favorable conditions such as treatment-naïve/prior relapse and interleukin-28B (IL28B) TT allele (rs8099917), the SVR rates of the Spx group were significantly higher than those of the non-Spx/moderate TCP (60-79×109/L) groups (91.3% vs 50.0% and 93.8% vs 37.5%, respectively; both P<0.05). Adequate PEG-IFNα2b adherence was associated with SVR. However, the percentage of patients who achieved 80% adherence to PEG-IFNα2b in the non-Spx/moderate TCP (42.9%) group was significantly lower than that of the Spx (79.3%) and non-Spx/mild TCP (80-99×109/L) (80.0%) groups. Treatment discontinuation due to adverse effects and the development of bacterial infection did not differ between the Spx and non-Spx/TCP groups. Conclusion: The increase of platelet count after Spx contributed to treatment success, especially for moderate to severe TCP patients who are treatment-naïve/prior relapse or IL28B TT allele.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2014|
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