We have reported the usefulness of a polyurethane foam packed-bed culture system of hepatocyte spheroids as a hybrid artificial liver support system (PUF-HALSS). The aim of this study was to evaluate in detail the efficacy in serum parameters regarding the liver function of a larger version of the PUF-HALSS containing 2 x 1010 porcine hepatocytes for clinical use in warm ischemic liver failure pigs. Warm ischemic liver failure pigs weighing 25 kg were divided into two groups: (1) a control group (n = 3), in which each pig was attached to a PUF-HALSS without hepatocytes, and (2) a HALSS group (n = 3), in which each pig was attached to a PUF-HALSS. In the HALSS group, the increase of blood ammonia was completely suppressed and blood lactate levels were significantly suppressed. The Fisher's ratio was better maintained, and the increase of total bile acid, glycochenodeoxycholic acid, and taurochenodeoxycholic acid was significantly suppressed in the HALSS group. Serum creatinine levels were significantly lower, and blood glucose levels were significantly higher in the HALSS group. Serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α were not elevated in either group. In conclusion, the larger version of the PUF-HALSS demonstrated many advantages as a liver support system in warm ischemic liver failure pigs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Cell Biology