Introduction We evaluated the effects of bezafibrate (BEZ) on β-oxidation in fibroblasts obtained from patients with glutaric acidemia type II (GA2) of various clinical severities using an in vitro probe (IVP) assay. Methods Cultured fibroblasts from 12 patients with GA2, including cases of the neonatal-onset type both with and without congenital anomalies (the prenatal- and neonatal-onset forms, respectively), the infantile-onset, and the myopathic forms, were studied. The IVP assay was performed by measuring acylcarnitines (ACs) in the cell culture medium of fibroblasts incubated with palmitic acid for 96 h in the presence of 0–800 μM BEZ using tandem mass spectrometry. Results The IVP assay showed that 100 μM BEZ markedly reduced the level of palmitoylcarnitine (C16) in the neonatal-onset, infantile-onset, and myopathic forms of GA2, either increasing or maintaining a high level of acetylcarnitine (C2), which serves as an index of energy production via β-oxidation. In the prenatal-onset form, although a small reduction of C16 was also observed in the presence of 100 μM BEZ, the level of C2 remained low. At concentrations higher than 100 μM, BEZ further decreased the level of ACs including C16, but a concentration over 400 μM decreased the level of C2 in most cases. Discussion BEZ at 100 μM was effective for all GA2 phenotypes except for the prenatal-onset form, as a reduction of C16 without deterioration of C2 is considered to indicate improvement of β-oxidation. The effects of higher doses BEZ could not be estimated by the IVP assay but might be small or nonexistent.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Neuroscience
- Clinical Neurology