Efficacy of Dynamic Chest Radiography for Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension

Yuzo Yamasaki, Kohtaro Abe, Takeshi Kamitani, Kazuya Hosokawa, Tomoyuki Hida, Koji Sagiyama, Yuko Matsuura, Shingo Baba, Takuro Isoda, Yasuhiro Maruoka, Yoshiyuki Kitamura, Shohei Moriyama, Hideki Yoshikawa, Takenori Fukumoto, Hidetake Yabuuchi, Kousei Ishigami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background While current guidelines require lung ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) scanning as the first step to diagnose chronic pulmonary embolism in pulmonary hypertension (PH), its use may be limited by low availability and/or exposure to ionizing radiation. Purpose To compare the performance of dynamic chest radiography (DCR) and lung V/Q scanning for detection of chronic thromboembolic PH (CTEPH). Materials and Methods Patients with PH who underwent DCR and V/Q scanning in the supine position from December 2019 to July 2021 were retrospectively screened. The diagnosis of CTEPH was confirmed with right heart catheterization and invasive pulmonary angiography. Observer tests were conducted to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of DCR and V/Q scanning. The lungs were divided into six areas (upper, middle, and lower for both) in the anteroposterior image, and the number of lung areas with thromboembolic perfusion defects was scored. Diagnostic performance was compared between DCR and V/Q scanning using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Agreement between the interpretation of DCR and that of V/Q scanning was assessed using the Cohen kappa coefficient and percent agreement. Results A total of 50 patients with PH were analyzed: 29 with CTEPH (mean age, 64 years ± 15 [SD]; 19 women) and 21 without CTEPH (mean age, 61 years ± 22; 14 women). The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of DCR were 97%, 86%, and 92%, respectively, and those of V/Q scanning were 100%, 86%, and 94%, respectively. Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve for DCR and V/Q scanning were 0.92 (95% CI: 0.79, 0.97) and 0.93 (95% CI: 0.78, 0.98). Agreement between the consensus interpretation of DCR and that of V/Q scanning was substantial (κ = 0.79 [95% CI: 0.61, 0.96], percent agreement = 0.9 [95% CI: 0.79, 0.95]). Conclusion Dynamic chest radiography had similar efficacy to ventilation-perfusion scanning in the detection of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e220908
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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