Efficient deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes based on 9,9-Bis(4-biphenylyl)fluorene derivatives

Naoki Matsumoto, Takanori Miyazaki, Masakazu Nishiyama, Chihaya Adachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We fabricated highly efficient deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) composed of 2,7-bis(4'-diphenylamino-1,1'-biphenyl-4-yl)-9,9-bis(1,1'- biphenyl-4-yl)-9H-fluorene (FLBD) as an emitter doped into a wider energy gap host of 2,7-bis(1,1'-biphenyl-4-yl)-9,9-bis(1,1'-biphenyl-4-yl)-9H-fluorene (FLBH). We investigated the dominant factors for external electroluminescence quantum efficiency (η ext ) in the deep-blue OLEDs by focusing on the carrier balance in the emitting layer (EML), the location and width of the carrier recombination zone, and carrier-induced exciton quenching. The η ext value of the OLEDs strongly depended on the hole injection efficiency from a hole transport layer (HTL) to the EML. By controlling the hole injection barrier into the EML and balancing the number of electrons and holes in the EML using HTLs having various highest occupied molecular orbital levels, we obtained the highest η ext of 5.4% with deep-blue Commission International De L'Eclairage coordinates of x = 0.15 and y = 0.09. Additionally, we found that the width of the carrier recombination zone tightly correlates to the hole injection efficiency into the EML.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6261-6266
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume113
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 16 2009

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Organic light emitting diodes (OLED)
light emitting diodes
Derivatives
Electroluminescence
Molecular orbitals
injection
Quantum efficiency
Excitons
Quenching
Energy gap
Electrons
electroluminescence
diphenyl
fluorene
quantum efficiency
molecular orbitals
emitters
quenching
excitons
electrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Efficient deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes based on 9,9-Bis(4-biphenylyl)fluorene derivatives. / Matsumoto, Naoki; Miyazaki, Takanori; Nishiyama, Masakazu; Adachi, Chihaya.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 113, No. 15, 16.04.2009, p. 6261-6266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Matsumoto, Naoki ; Miyazaki, Takanori ; Nishiyama, Masakazu ; Adachi, Chihaya. / Efficient deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes based on 9,9-Bis(4-biphenylyl)fluorene derivatives. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2009 ; Vol. 113, No. 15. pp. 6261-6266.
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