The methylotrophic yeast Ogataea polymorpha (syn. Hansenula polymorpha) is an attractive industrial non-conventional yeast showing high thermo-tolerance (up to 50°C) and xylose assimilation. However, genetic manipulation of O. polymorpha is often laborious and time-consuming because it has lower homologous recombination efficiency relative to Saccharomyces cerevisiae. To overcome this disadvantage, we applied the CRISPR/Cas9 system as a powerful genome editing tool in O. polymorpha. In this system, both single guide RNA (sgRNA) and endonuclease Cas9 were expressed by a single autonomously-replicable plasmid and the sgRNA portion could be easily changed by using PCR and In-Fusion cloning techniques. Because the mutation efficiency of the CRISPR/Cas9 system was relatively low when the sgRNA was expressed under the control of the OpSNR6 promoter, the tRNACUG gene was used for sgRNA expression. The editing efficiency of this system ranged from 17% to 71% of transformants in several target genes tested (ADE12, PHO1, PHO11, and PHO84). These findings indicate that genetic manipulation of O. polymorpha will be more convenient and accelerated by using this CRISPR/Cas9 system.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology