Efficient human-like antibody repertoire and hybridoma production in trans-chromosomic mice carrying megabase-sized human immunoglobulin loci

Hiroyuki Satofuka, Satoshi Abe, Takashi Moriwaki, Akane Okada, Kanako Kazuki, Hiroshi Tanaka, Kyotaro Yamazaki, Genki Hichiwa, Kayoko Morimoto, Haruka Takayama, Yuji Nakayama, Shinya Hatano, Yutaro Yada, Yasufumi Murakami, Yoshihiro Baba, Mitsuo Oshimura, Kazuma Tomizuka, Yasuhiro Kazuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Trans-chromosomic (Tc) mice carrying mini-chromosomes with megabase-sized human immunoglobulin (Ig) loci have contributed to the development of fully human therapeutic monoclonal antibodies, but mitotic instability of human mini-chromosomes in mice may limit the efficiency of hybridoma production. Here, we establish human antibody-producing Tc mice (TC-mAb mice) that stably maintain a mouse-derived, engineered chromosome containing the entire human Ig heavy and kappa chain loci in a mouse Ig-knockout background. Comprehensive, high-throughput DNA sequencing shows that the human Ig repertoire, including variable gene usage, is well recapitulated in TC-mAb mice. Despite slightly altered B cell development and a delayed immune response, TC-mAb mice have more subsets of antigen-specific plasmablast and plasma cells than wild-type mice, leading to efficient hybridoma production. Our results thus suggest that TC-mAb mice offer a valuable platform for obtaining fully human therapeutic antibodies, and a useful model for elucidating the regulation of human Ig repertoire formation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1841
JournalNature communications
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • General
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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