Efficient hydrogen production from methanol by combining micro channel with carbon membrane catalyst loaded with Cu/Zn

Shinji Kudo, Taisuke Maki, Noriyuki Kitao, Kazuhiro Mae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An assemble-type multi-stage microreactor with thin film catalyst has been developed. A new thin membrane carbon catalyst loaded with Cu/Zn is prepared through the carbonization of polyamic acid membrane loading Cu and Zn by ion exchange method. Using the microreactor with the catalyst developed, we perform steam reforming of methanol in order to selectively produce hydrogen for fuel cell usage. The methanol conversion and yield of H2 reached 0.74 and 2.2 mol mol-methanol-1, respectively, at the low temperature of 220°C when using a 15-stage microreactor. As compared with the yields by a conventional tubular reactor, the methanol conversion is high and the CO yield is significantly suppressed in the microreactor. The advantage of the microreactor is presumably due to the concentration profile under a gaseous laminar flow in the micro space. Finally, the compact reactor system, which consists of a micro-reformer, micro-combustor and tubular-combustor, has been developed, and high yield of hydrogen and less than 5 ppm of CO has been successfully achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)680-686
Number of pages7
JournalJOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING OF JAPAN
Volume42
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Hydrogen production
Methanol
Carbon
Membranes
Catalysts
Carbon Monoxide
Combustors
Hydrogen
Steam reforming
Carbonization
Laminar flow
Fuel cells
Ion exchange
Thin films
Acids
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Efficient hydrogen production from methanol by combining micro channel with carbon membrane catalyst loaded with Cu/Zn. / Kudo, Shinji; Maki, Taisuke; Kitao, Noriyuki; Mae, Kazuhiro.

In: JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING OF JAPAN, Vol. 42, No. 9, 15.10.2009, p. 680-686.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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