The antigenic peptides encoded by tumor-rejection antigen genes, MAGE-1 and -3, have been identified, and various methods have been utilized for the in vitro induction of MAGE-specific, cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) using synthetic peptides. However, all of these methods are technically demanding and thus have a relatively limited usefulness. We herein report a simple and efficient method for the in vitro induction of specific CTL by using the HLA-A2-restricted MAGE-3 peptide from the PBMC of a healthy donor. CTL responses could thus be efficiently induced from unseparated PBMC by stimulation with freshly isolated, peptide-pulsed PBMC as antigen-presenting cells and by using interleukin-7 and keyhole limpet hemocyanin for the primary culture. The induced CTL could thus recognize and lyse not only HLA-A2 target cells pulsed with the peptide but also HLA-A2 tumor cells expressing MAGE-3, in an HLA-class-I-restricted manner. This simple method may, therefore, become a useful tool for investigating the potential peptides for tumor antigens as well as for developing various immunotherapeutic approaches for human malignant tumors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Cancer Research