Elderly listeners with low intelligibility scores under reverberation show degraded subcortical representation of reverberant speech

H. Fujihira, K. Shiraishi, Gerard Bastiaan Remijn

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to elucidate why many elderly listeners have difficulty understanding speech under reverberation, we investigated the relationship between word intelligibility and auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) in 28 elderly listeners. We hypothesized that the elderly listeners with low word intelligibility scores under reverberation would show degraded subcortical encoding information of reverberant speech as expressed in their ABRs towards a reverberant /da/ syllable. The participants were divided into two groups (top and bottom performance groups) according to their word intelligibility scores for anechoic and reverberant words, and ABR characteristics between groups were compared. We found that correlation coefficients between responses to anechoic and reverberant /da/ were lower in the bottom performance group than in the top performance group. This result suggests that degraded neural representation toward information of reverberant speech may account for lower intelligibility of reverberant speech in elderly listeners.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-107
Number of pages6
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume637
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 10 2017

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Brain Stem Auditory Evoked Potentials
Speech Intelligibility

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

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Elderly listeners with low intelligibility scores under reverberation show degraded subcortical representation of reverberant speech. / Fujihira, H.; Shiraishi, K.; Remijn, Gerard Bastiaan.

In: Neuroscience Letters, Vol. 637, 10.01.2017, p. 102-107.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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