Electrical and mechanical properties of cubic ZrO 2 stabilized with Sc 2O 3 and Y 2O 3

Hiromichi Yasuda, Masato Uehara, Naoya Enomoto, Junichi Hojo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


It has been reported that Sc 2O 3- doped ZrO 2 has the highest ionic conductivity among zirconia ceramics. The xmol %Sc 2O 3 ñadded 3YSZ (abbr. xSc3Y; x = 0 to 8) powders were prepared by homogeneous precipitation reaction using urea. A mixture of cubic and tetragonal phases was observed in every xSc3Y sample by XRD, and the amount of cubic phase increased with increasing Sc 2O 3 content. The ionic conductivity of xSc3Y exhibited a maximum, 0.244 S/cm at x = 6. Although the fracture toughness of xSc3Y decreased with an increase in x, xSc3Y samples were tougher than 8YSZ. The improvement in fracture toughness is due to the fine microstructure compared to 8YSZ and the difference in fracture mode. Sc 2O 3 -added 3YSZ should be applicable as an electrolyte for high performance solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) replacing 8YSZ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-83
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Ceramic Processing Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites

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