Electrocatalyst composed of platinum nanoparticles deposited on doubly polymer-coated carbon nanotubes shows a high CO-tolerance in methanol oxidation reaction

Zehui Yang, Akiyo Nagashima, Tsuyohiko Fujigaya, Naotoshi Nakashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High CO-tolerance and durability of anodic fuel cell electrocatalysts is one of the important factors for commercialization of direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs). In this study, we describe the preparation of an electrocatalyst composed of poly[2,2′-(2,6-pyridine)-5,5′-bibenzimidazole] (PyPBI) and poly(vinylphosphonic acid) (PVPA) coated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) on which ∼3 nm Pt nanoparticles (Pt[sbnd]NPs) are deposited. The fabricated electrocatalyst shows 1.5-times higher CO tolerance compared to the commercial CB/Pt, which would be due to the wrapping of the CNTs with PVPA by the aid of PyPBI. Meanwhile, the electrocatalyst almost maintains its initial electrochemical surface area (ECSA) and mass activity of the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) after 10,000 potential cycling in the range of 1–1.5 V vs. RHE. In contrast, the commercial CB/Pt shows almost a 50% loss in its ECSA and mass activity. These results indicate that the durability of the newly fabricated electrocatalyst is quite high and the obtained high CO-tolerance and durability are important for the design of an electrocatalyst for DMFC applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19182-19190
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume41
Issue number42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 9 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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