Electrochemical impedance parameters for the diagnosis of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell poisoned by carbon monoxide in reformed hydrogen fuel

Hironori Nakajima, Toshiaki Konomi, Tatsumi Kitahara, Hideaki Tachibana

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have investigated the behavior of an operating polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) with supplying a mixture of carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2) gases into the anode to develop the PEFC diagnosis method for anode CO poisoning by reformed hydrogen fuel. We analyze the characteristics of the CO poisoned anode of the PEFC at 80°C including CO adsorption and electro-oxidation behaviors by current-voltage (I-V) measurement and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) to find parameters useful for the diagnosis. I- V curves show the dependence of the output voltage on the CO adsorption and electro-oxidation. EIS analyses are performed with an equivalent circuit model consisting of several resistances and capacitances attributed to the activation, diffusion, and adsorption/desorption processes. As the result, those resistances and capacitances are shown to change with current density and anode overpotential depending on the CO adsorption and electro-oxidation. The characteristic changes ot those parameters show that they can be used for the diagnosis of the CO poisoning.

Original languageEnglish
Article number041013
JournalJournal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008

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Hydrogen fuels
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon monoxide
Electrolytes
Fuel cells
Polymers
Electrooxidation
Anodes
Adsorption
Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Capacitance
Electric potential
Equivalent circuits
Hydrogen
Desorption
Current density
Gases
Chemical activation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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abstract = "We have investigated the behavior of an operating polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) with supplying a mixture of carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2) gases into the anode to develop the PEFC diagnosis method for anode CO poisoning by reformed hydrogen fuel. We analyze the characteristics of the CO poisoned anode of the PEFC at 80°C including CO adsorption and electro-oxidation behaviors by current-voltage (I-V) measurement and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) to find parameters useful for the diagnosis. I- V curves show the dependence of the output voltage on the CO adsorption and electro-oxidation. EIS analyses are performed with an equivalent circuit model consisting of several resistances and capacitances attributed to the activation, diffusion, and adsorption/desorption processes. As the result, those resistances and capacitances are shown to change with current density and anode overpotential depending on the CO adsorption and electro-oxidation. The characteristic changes ot those parameters show that they can be used for the diagnosis of the CO poisoning.",
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T1 - Electrochemical impedance parameters for the diagnosis of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell poisoned by carbon monoxide in reformed hydrogen fuel

AU - Nakajima, Hironori

AU - Konomi, Toshiaki

AU - Kitahara, Tatsumi

AU - Tachibana, Hideaki

PY - 2008/11

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N2 - We have investigated the behavior of an operating polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) with supplying a mixture of carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2) gases into the anode to develop the PEFC diagnosis method for anode CO poisoning by reformed hydrogen fuel. We analyze the characteristics of the CO poisoned anode of the PEFC at 80°C including CO adsorption and electro-oxidation behaviors by current-voltage (I-V) measurement and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) to find parameters useful for the diagnosis. I- V curves show the dependence of the output voltage on the CO adsorption and electro-oxidation. EIS analyses are performed with an equivalent circuit model consisting of several resistances and capacitances attributed to the activation, diffusion, and adsorption/desorption processes. As the result, those resistances and capacitances are shown to change with current density and anode overpotential depending on the CO adsorption and electro-oxidation. The characteristic changes ot those parameters show that they can be used for the diagnosis of the CO poisoning.

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