Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy analysis of an anode-supported microtubular solid oxide fuel cell

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Abstract

An impedance separation analysis of the anode and cathode of a practical solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is conducted. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy with a two-electrode setup is applied to an anode-supported intermediate temperature microtubular SOFC composed of a Ni/(ZrO 2)0.9 (Y2O3)0.1 cermet anode, a La0.8Sr0.2Ga0.8Mg0.2O 2.8 electrolyte, and a (La0.6Sr0.4) (Co 0.2Fe0.8) O3 cathode. Measurements are carried out for the cell operated at 700°C with varying flow rates and compositions of the H2 / N2 mixture gas fed into the anode and the O2 / N2 mixture gas fed into the cathode. The anode and cathode impedances are thereby separately assigned to low and high frequency impedance spectra, respectively. An equivalent circuit model is applied to the spectra to acquire the polarization resistances and associated capacitances for the charge and mass transfer processes at the anode and cathode and the cell ohmic resistance. The variation in these circuit parameters are then obtained in accordance with current densities and anode gas-feed conditions. In addition, the hydrogen diffusion length correlated with the Nernst loss in the axial direction of the anode substrate tube is estimated. These parameters obtained separately and simultaneously for each part of the cell are informative for a detailed analysis and diagnosis of practical SOFCs under operation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume157
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Fingerprint

solid oxide fuel cells
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Anodes
anodes
impedance
Cathodes
cathodes
spectroscopy
Gas mixtures
gas mixtures
Cermet Cements
cells
Acoustic impedance
diffusion length
equivalent circuits
Equivalent circuits
Electrolytes
mass transfer
Charge transfer

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrochemistry
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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abstract = "An impedance separation analysis of the anode and cathode of a practical solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is conducted. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy with a two-electrode setup is applied to an anode-supported intermediate temperature microtubular SOFC composed of a Ni/(ZrO 2)0.9 (Y2O3)0.1 cermet anode, a La0.8Sr0.2Ga0.8Mg0.2O 2.8 electrolyte, and a (La0.6Sr0.4) (Co 0.2Fe0.8) O3 cathode. Measurements are carried out for the cell operated at 700°C with varying flow rates and compositions of the H2 / N2 mixture gas fed into the anode and the O2 / N2 mixture gas fed into the cathode. The anode and cathode impedances are thereby separately assigned to low and high frequency impedance spectra, respectively. An equivalent circuit model is applied to the spectra to acquire the polarization resistances and associated capacitances for the charge and mass transfer processes at the anode and cathode and the cell ohmic resistance. The variation in these circuit parameters are then obtained in accordance with current densities and anode gas-feed conditions. In addition, the hydrogen diffusion length correlated with the Nernst loss in the axial direction of the anode substrate tube is estimated. These parameters obtained separately and simultaneously for each part of the cell are informative for a detailed analysis and diagnosis of practical SOFCs under operation.",
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AU - Nakajima, Hironori

AU - Kitahara, Tatsumi

AU - Konomi, Toshiaki

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N2 - An impedance separation analysis of the anode and cathode of a practical solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is conducted. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy with a two-electrode setup is applied to an anode-supported intermediate temperature microtubular SOFC composed of a Ni/(ZrO 2)0.9 (Y2O3)0.1 cermet anode, a La0.8Sr0.2Ga0.8Mg0.2O 2.8 electrolyte, and a (La0.6Sr0.4) (Co 0.2Fe0.8) O3 cathode. Measurements are carried out for the cell operated at 700°C with varying flow rates and compositions of the H2 / N2 mixture gas fed into the anode and the O2 / N2 mixture gas fed into the cathode. The anode and cathode impedances are thereby separately assigned to low and high frequency impedance spectra, respectively. An equivalent circuit model is applied to the spectra to acquire the polarization resistances and associated capacitances for the charge and mass transfer processes at the anode and cathode and the cell ohmic resistance. The variation in these circuit parameters are then obtained in accordance with current densities and anode gas-feed conditions. In addition, the hydrogen diffusion length correlated with the Nernst loss in the axial direction of the anode substrate tube is estimated. These parameters obtained separately and simultaneously for each part of the cell are informative for a detailed analysis and diagnosis of practical SOFCs under operation.

AB - An impedance separation analysis of the anode and cathode of a practical solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is conducted. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy with a two-electrode setup is applied to an anode-supported intermediate temperature microtubular SOFC composed of a Ni/(ZrO 2)0.9 (Y2O3)0.1 cermet anode, a La0.8Sr0.2Ga0.8Mg0.2O 2.8 electrolyte, and a (La0.6Sr0.4) (Co 0.2Fe0.8) O3 cathode. Measurements are carried out for the cell operated at 700°C with varying flow rates and compositions of the H2 / N2 mixture gas fed into the anode and the O2 / N2 mixture gas fed into the cathode. The anode and cathode impedances are thereby separately assigned to low and high frequency impedance spectra, respectively. An equivalent circuit model is applied to the spectra to acquire the polarization resistances and associated capacitances for the charge and mass transfer processes at the anode and cathode and the cell ohmic resistance. The variation in these circuit parameters are then obtained in accordance with current densities and anode gas-feed conditions. In addition, the hydrogen diffusion length correlated with the Nernst loss in the axial direction of the anode substrate tube is estimated. These parameters obtained separately and simultaneously for each part of the cell are informative for a detailed analysis and diagnosis of practical SOFCs under operation.

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