Electrochemical synthesis of Au-MnO2 on electrophoretically prepared graphene nanocomposite for high performance supercapacitor and biosensor applications

Vediyappan Veeramani, Bose Dinesh, Shen Ming Chen, Ramiah Saraswathi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Herein, we report a facile electrochemical synthesis of an Au-MnO2 nanocomposite highly dispersed on an electrophoretically prepared graphene surface for the first time. Fascinatingly, we obtained a nanowires-like morphology for the MnO2 by using a simple in situ electrochemical deposition method. The as-synthesized Au-MnO2-graphene nanocomposite is characterized by various analytical and spectroscopic techniques viz. SEM, EDX, TEM, XRD, Raman spectroscopy and XPS. The as-prepared nanocomposite is employed in an electrochemical supercapacitor and for the sensitive detection of epinephrine. The supercapacitor performance is evaluated in 0.5 M NaOH by both cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge-discharge (GCD) methods. The MnO2:Au ratio during deposition plays a vital role to influence the capacitance properties. The highest specific capacitance of 575 F g-1 for 1:0.01 (MnO2:Au) at a current density of 2.5 A g-1 has been obtained. The effect of current density, MnO2:Au ratio, scan rate, mass loading and electrolyte concentration were also optimized and good cycle stability was demonstrated. The comparison of specific capacitance over MnO2-graphene and Au-MnO2-graphene nanocomposites suggests that the incorporation of Au nanoparticles on MnO2-graphene surfaces has a highly substantial effect for enhancement of capacitive behaviour. Furthermore, the epinephrine sensor performance of an Au-MnO2-graphene nanocomposite modified glassy carbon electrode is evaluated by CV and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) techniques. Interestingly, the DPV sensor exhibited a very low detection limit of 24 nM and an excellent current sensitivity value of 35.6 μA μM-1 cm-2, surpassing several related modified electrodes and demonstrating several practical industrial applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3304-3315
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume4
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

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