The transition to the improved confinement mode by electrode biasing was observed for the first time in the Large Helical Device (LHD). A negative resistance was observed in the confinement mode sustained by the cold electrode biasing. The electrode current showed a clear decrease against an increase in the electrode voltage and was characterized by a hysteresis in the transition phenomena. The decrease in the electrode current suggested an improvement in the radial particle transport. An increase in the energy confinement time and remarkable suppression of density fluctuations, which correspond to the transition, were also observed. These results indicated that the electrode biased plasma in LHD showed similar improvements in confinement to those in the H-mode plasmas in tokamaks and stellarators.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics