Electrodeposition behavior of Zn-Co alloy from alkaline zincate solution containing triethanolamine

Hiroaki Nakano, Shitoku Shibata, Shingo Arakawa, Satoshi Oue, Shigeo Kobayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Synopsis: Electrodeposition behavior of Zn-Co alloys was investigated at current densities of 2-500 A·m-2 and a charge of 5 × 104 C·m-2 in an unagitated zincate solution containing triethanolamine, which forms a stable complex with Co2+ ions at 308 K. At low current densities below 5 A·m-2, the Zn-Co alloy exhibited normal codeposition, wherein electrochemically more noble Co deposited preferentially, while at high current densities above 6 A·m-2, it exhibited anomalous codeposition, wherein less noble Zn deposited preferentially. The current efficiency for Zn-Co alloy deposition was low to be about 20% in the region of nomal codeposition at low current densities, while it was 95% in the region of anomalous codeposition at high current densities. In the region of anomalous codeposition at high current densities, the partial polarization curves for Co deposition and H2 evolution were significantly shifted to less noble direction by coexisting of Zn 2+ ions, showing the formation of an inhibitor for deposition, which results from Zn2+ ions in the cathode layer. In contrast, in the region of normal codeposition at low current densities below 5 A·m -2, the underpotential deposition of Zn apparently occurred with Co. Because Zn-Co alloys are composed of the stable intermetallic compounds of CoZn13 and Co5Zn21, the activity coefficient of Zn in the deposit appears to decrease remarkably.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-351
Number of pages6
JournalTetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Volume99
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 20 2013

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Triethanolamine
Electrodeposition
electrodeposition
Current density
current density
low currents
high current
Ions
ions
Activity coefficients
triethanolamine
inhibitors
Intermetallics
intermetallics
Cathodes
Deposits
cathodes
deposits
Polarization
curves

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Electrodeposition behavior of Zn-Co alloy from alkaline zincate solution containing triethanolamine. / Nakano, Hiroaki; Shibata, Shitoku; Arakawa, Shingo; Oue, Satoshi; Kobayashi, Shigeo.

In: Tetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan, Vol. 99, No. 5, 20.05.2013, p. 346-351.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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