Electrodeposition of Sn-Ag alloys and its connecting reliability for automotive connectors

Hiroaki Nakano, Satoshi Oue, Masaaki Uranaka, Masataka Masuda, Hisaaki Fukushima, Yoshifumi Saka, Shigeru Sawada, Yasuhiro Hattori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Electrodeposition behavior of Sn-Ag alloys was investigated at 1 to 1000 A/m 2 in both sulfate and pyrophosphate-iodide baths of 298 K, and the contact resistance of Sn-Ag alloys deposited on Cu connector was evaluated. In both baths, Ag behaved as more noble metal than Sn, showing the typical feature of regular type codeposition. The difference of deposition potential between Ag and Sn was 0.4 V in pyrophosphate-iodide bath, while it was 0.2 V in sulfate bath containing thiourea as complexing agent for Ag + ions. The deposits obtained from pyrophosphate-iodide bath consisted of blocks of a few micron in size, while those from sulfate bath showed grains smaller than 1 μm. The deposits containing Ag less than 45 mass% were composed of Ag 3Sn metallic compound and Sn in accordance with the equilibrium phase diagram of binary Ag-Sn system. The contact resistance of deposited Sn-Ag alloys after heating at 433 K for 120 hours was somewhat smaller at Ag contents less than 45 mass% than that of reflow Sn plating. The connecting reliability of connector after abrasion was better in deposited films of Sn-Ag alloys than in reflow Sn plating.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)622-629
Number of pages8
JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
Volume73
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2009

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connectors
Electrodeposition
electrodeposition
baths
Iodides
Sulfates
Contact resistance
Plating
iodides
sulfates
Deposits
Metallic compounds
contact resistance
plating
Thiourea
Thioureas
Precious metals
deposits
Abrasion
phase diagrams

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Electrodeposition of Sn-Ag alloys and its connecting reliability for automotive connectors. / Nakano, Hiroaki; Oue, Satoshi; Uranaka, Masaaki; Masuda, Masataka; Fukushima, Hisaaki; Saka, Yoshifumi; Sawada, Shigeru; Hattori, Yasuhiro.

In: Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals, Vol. 73, No. 8, 01.08.2009, p. 622-629.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nakano, Hiroaki ; Oue, Satoshi ; Uranaka, Masaaki ; Masuda, Masataka ; Fukushima, Hisaaki ; Saka, Yoshifumi ; Sawada, Shigeru ; Hattori, Yasuhiro. / Electrodeposition of Sn-Ag alloys and its connecting reliability for automotive connectors. In: Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals. 2009 ; Vol. 73, No. 8. pp. 622-629.
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